Insomnia in adolescents: prevalence, help-seeking behaviors, and types of interventions
Article first published online: 16 OCT 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child and Adolescent Mental Health © 2012 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
Child and Adolescent Mental Health
Volume 19, Issue 1, pages 57–63, February 2014
How to Cite
Chung, K.-F., Kan, K. K.-K. and Yeung, W.-F. (2014), Insomnia in adolescents: prevalence, help-seeking behaviors, and types of interventions. Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 19: 57–63. doi: 10.1111/camh.12009
- Issue published online: 11 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 16 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 SEP 2012
Little is known about the DSM-IV diagnosis of insomnia among adolescents. Their help-seeking behaviors and self-help strategies for insomnia remain largely unclear.
A cross-sectional, interview-based study of 290 Chinese adolescents.
The prevalence of insomnia symptoms was 40%, among which 9.3% had DSM-IV insomnia. Primary insomnia accounted for 7.9%, whereas insomnia associated with psychiatric disorders constituted 1.4%. Adolescents with DSM-IV insomnia had more severe and frequent insomnia, higher GHQ scores, and were more likely to have a history of sleep paralysis than those with insomnia symptoms alone. About 22% of adolescents with insomnia symptoms sought help and 32% attempted various strategies to improve sleep.
Many adolescents were troubled by insomnia, but they seldom sought help from healthcare professionals or received proper treatments.