The author thanks the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments on this paper, as well as John Biles, Daniele Belanger, Charlene Miall, and Dorothy Pawluch for their comments on earlier drafts, and Johanne Jean-Pierre for her translation assistance. He would also like to thank the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for its support of this research, and the Department of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism for granting him access to overseas visa offices. An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Canadian Sociology Association in Victoria, BC, in June 2013.
Canadian Visa Officers and the Social Construction of “Real” Spousal Relationships
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2014
© 2014 Canadian Sociological Association/La Société canadienne de sociologie
Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie
Volume 51, Issue 1, pages 1–21, February 2014
How to Cite
Satzewich, V. (2014), Canadian Visa Officers and the Social Construction of “Real” Spousal Relationships. Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie, 51: 1–21. doi: 10.1111/cars.12031
- Issue published online: 21 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2014
- 2007. “Immigration Law and the Regulation of Marriage.” Minnesota Law Review 91(6):1624–709.
- 2007. “From Slavery to Expulsion: Racism, Canadian Immigration Law, and the Unfilled Promise of Modern Constitutionalism.” Pp. 55–111 in Interrogating Race and Racism, edited by V. Agnew. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
- 2008. Social Problems. New York: W.W. Norton.
- 1994. Women's Movement: Women under Immigration, Nationality and Refugee Law. Stoke-on-Trent: Trentham Books. and .
- 2002. “Policy-Making and Administrative Discretion: The Case of Immigration in Canada.” Canadian Public Administration 45(2):239–57. and .
- 2009. “Administrative Discretion and the Spirit of Legality: From Theory to Practice.” Canadian Journal of Law and Society 24(3):313–35.
- CBC News. 2010. “New Immigration Rules Aim to Weed out Marriage Fraud.” Retrieved June 2, 2012 (http://www.cbc.ca/news/story/2010/09/28/immigration-marriages-sponsorship-survey.html).
- Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). 2011. Operating Procedures 2: Processing Members of the Family Class. Ottawa: Citizenship and Immigration Canada.
- Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). 2012. Canada Facts and Figures: Immigration Overview, Permanent Residents and Temporary Residents. Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and Government Services.
- Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). 2013a. “Guide 3900—Sponsorship of a Spouse, Common-Law Partner, Conjugal Partner or Dependent Children Living Outside of Canada”. Retrieved July 11, 2013 (http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/information/applications/guides/3900ETOC.asp).
- Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC). 2013b. IMM5490, Sponsored Spouse/Partner Questionnaire. Ottawa: Citizenship and Immigration Canada. Retrieved July 11, 2013 (http://www.cic.gc.ca/english/pdf/kits/forms/IMM5490E.PDF).
- 2006. “Marriage of Residence in Austria.” European Journal of Migration and Law 8:281–302. and .
- 2013. “A Real Marriage? Applying for Marriage Migration to Norway.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 39(5):773–89.
- Europa. 2013. “Family Reunification.” Retrieved July 13, 2013 (http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/justice_freedom_security/free_movement_of_persons_asylum_immigration/l33118_en.htm).
- 2006. “Marriages of Convenience in Belgium: The Punitive Approach Gains Ground in Migration Law.” European Journal of Migration and the Law 8:263–80. and .
- 2010. “Gender, Race, and Marriage in Immigration: The Spousal Sponsorship Appeal Process in Canada.” MA Thesis, Department of Sociology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.
- 1992. The Transformation of Intimacy: Sexuality, Love and Eroticism. Oxford: Polity Press.
- 1991. “Deciding Who Gets In: Decision Making by Immigration Inspectors.” Law and Society Review 25(3):571–600.
- 2002. “When is a Wife Not a Wife? Some Observations on the Immigration Experience of South Asian Women in West Yorkshire.” Contemporary Politics 8(1):55–68.
- 2009. “Trust, Privilege, and Discretion in the Governance of the US Borderlands with Mexico.” Canadian Journal of Law and Society 24(3):367–90.
- Immigration Policy Centre. 2012. “How the United States Immigration System Works.” Retrieved July 12, 2013 (http://www.immigrationpolicy.org/just-facts/how-united-states-immigration-system-works-fact-sheet).
- 2003. “Contextualizing Immigration Policy Implementation in Europe.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 29(2):195–224. , and s
- 1997. Discretion and Deviation in the Administration of Immigration Control. London: Sweet & Maxwell.
- 2001. “The Context of Spouse Migration to Australia.” International Migration 39(1):111–32.
- 2003. Destination Canada: Immigration Debates and Issues. Toronto: Oxford University Press.
- 2010. Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services, Expanded ed. New York: Russell Sage Publishers.
- 1986. “Police Record Keeping Practices in the Policing of Juveniles.” Urban Life 15(1):70–102.
- 2005. Securing Borders: Detention and Deportation in Canada. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.
- 1999. “Making Canada White: Law and the Policing of Bodies of Colour in the 1990s.” Canadian Journal of Law and Society 14(1):159–85.
- 2010. Immigration and Canada: Global and International Perspectives. Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press.
- 2003. “Immigration Policy Implementation in Italy: Organizational Culture, Identity Processes and Labour Market Control.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 29(2):257–97.
- 1981. “Case Routinization in Investigative Police Work.” Social Problems 28(3):263–75.
- 2004. “Rescaling Citizenship: Gendering Canadian Immigration Policy.” Political Geography 23:265–81.
- 2012. Borderline Justice: The Fight for Refugee and Migrant Rights. London: Pluto Press.
- 2006. “An Ideal Husband? Marriages of Convenience, Moral Gate-Keeping and Immigration to the UK.” European Journal of Migration and Law 8:303–20.