• antiallodynic;
  • antihyperalgesic;
  • carrageenan-induced paw edema;
  • neuropathic pain;
  • nitric oxide;
  • tumor necrosis factor-alpha;
  • 1,2,4-triazol-5-one

In this work, synthetic integration of substituted semicarbazides and various aliphatic, aryl and heteroaryl acids into 1,2,4-triazol-5-ones was accomplished. Following the assessment of neurotoxicity and peripheral analgesic activity, the compounds were evaluated in two peripheral models of neuropathic pain, the chronic constriction injury and partial sciatic nerve ligation to assess their antihyperalgesic and antiallodynic potential. ED50 studies undertaken for selected compounds exhibiting promising efficacies (1c, 3c and 4a) revealed values ranging from 13.21 to 39.85 mg/kg in four behavioral assays of hyperalgesia and allodynia (spontaneous pain, tactile allodynia, cold allodynia, and mechanical hyperalgesia). Mechanistic studies revealed that the compounds suppressed the inflammatory component of the neuropathic pain inhibiting tumor necrosis factor-alpha and preventing oxidative and nitrosative stress.