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Protein–Ligand Interaction Study of CpOGA in Complex with GlcNAcstatin

Authors

  • Paulo Robson M. Sousa,

    1. Laboratório de Planejamento e Desenvolvimento de Fármacos, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Universidade Federal do Pará, CP 11101, 66075-110 Belém, PA, Brazil
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  • Nelson Alberto N. de Alencar,

    1. Laboratório de Planejamento e Desenvolvimento de Fármacos, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Universidade Federal do Pará, CP 11101, 66075-110 Belém, PA, Brazil
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  • Anderson H. Lima,

    1. Laboratório de Planejamento e Desenvolvimento de Fármacos, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Universidade Federal do Pará, CP 11101, 66075-110 Belém, PA, Brazil
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  • Jerônimo Lameira,

    Corresponding authorSearch for more papers by this author
  • Cláudio Nahum Alves

    1. Laboratório de Planejamento e Desenvolvimento de Fármacos, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Universidade Federal do Pará, CP 11101, 66075-110 Belém, PA, Brazil
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Corresponding author: Jerônimo Lameira, lameira@ufpa.br

Abstract

The GlcNAcstatin is a potent inhibitor of O-glycoprotein 2-acetamino-2-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranosidase, which has been related with type II diabetes and neurodegenerative disorders. Herein, hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics, molecular dynamics simulations, and potential of mean force were employed to study the interactions established between GlcNAcstatin and a bacterial O-GlcNAcase enzyme from Clostridium perfringens. The results reveal that the imidazole nitrogen atom of GlcNAcstatin has shown a better interaction with the active site of Clostridium perfringens in its protonated form, which is compatible with a substrate-assisted reaction mechanism involving two conserved aspartate residues (297 and 298). Furthermore, the quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics–molecular dynamics simulations appointed a strong interaction between Asp401, Asp298, and Asp297 residues and the GlcNAcstatin inhibitor, which is in accordance with experimental data. Lastly, these results may contribute to understand the molecular mechanism of inhibition of Clostridium perfringens by GlcNAcstatin inhibitor and, consequently, this study might be useful to design new molecules with more interesting inhibitory activity.

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