• dopamine 3 receptor;
  • indolebutylamine;
  • pharmacophore model;
  • selectivity;
  • structure-activity relationship

A series of indolebutylamine derivatives were designed, synthesized, and evaluated as a novel class of selective ligands for the dopamine 3 receptor. The most potent compound 11q binds to dopamine 3 receptor with a Ki value of 124 nm and displays excellent selectivity over the dopamine 1 receptor and dopamine 2 receptor. Investigation based on structural information indicates that site S182 located in extracellular loop 2 may account for high selectivity of compounds. Interaction models of the dopamine 3 receptor-11q complex and structure-activity relationships were discussed by integrating all available experimental and computational data with the eventual aim to discover potent and selective ligands to dopamine 3 receptor.