• anti-inflammatory;
  • antioxidants;
  • molecular docking;
  • pyrazolone

The present study reported the synthesis and biologic evaluation of new pyrazolone derivatives for COX-2 inhibitory activities and investigated in vivo for their anti-inflammatory activities using carrageenan-induced rat paw edema model as well as in vitro using HRBC membrane stabilization and protein denaturation method. Eight derivatives showed pronounced COX-2 inhibition, and 5a, 5d, and 5f exhibited the highest COX-2 inhibition. The derivatives were further evaluated for antioxidant activity wherein 5a and 5b showed potent free radical-scavenging activity against DPPH, nitric oxide, and hydrogen peroxide radicals. Molecular docking study revealed the binding orientations of pyrazolone derivatives into the active sites of COX-2 and thereby helps to design the potent inhibitors.