• aldose reductase inhibitors;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • docking;
  • rhodanine

Aldose reductase (ALR) enzyme plays a significant role in conversion of excess amount of glucose into sorbitol in diabetic condition, inhibitors of which decrease the secondary complication of diabetes mellitus. To understand the structural interaction of inhibitors with ALR enzyme and develop more effective ALR inhibitors, a series of substituted 5-phenylbenzoate containing N-substituted rhodanine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro ALR inhibitory activity. Docking studies of these compounds were carried out, which revealed that the 5-phenylbenzoate moiety deeply influenced the key π-π stacking while 4-oxo-2-thioxothiazolidines contributed in hydrogen bond interactions. The phenyl ring of benzylidene system occupied in specific pocket constituted from Phe115, Phe122, Leu300 and Cys303 while the rhodanine ring forms a tight net of hydrogen bond with Val47 at anionic binding site of the enzyme. The structural insights obtained from the docking study gave better understanding of rhodanine and macromolecular interaction and will help us in further designing and improving of ALR inhibitory activity of rhodanine analogs.