This work was carried out when Dr Hawkins was based at the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, Harvard School of Public Health.
Identifying infants at high-risk for second-hand smoke exposure
Version of Record online: 2 APR 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Child: Care, Health and Development
Volume 40, Issue 3, pages 441–445, May 2014
How to Cite
Hawkins, S. S. and Berkman, L. (2014), Identifying infants at high-risk for second-hand smoke exposure. Child: Care, Health and Development, 40: 441–445. doi: 10.1111/cch.12058
- Issue online: 14 APR 2014
- Version of Record online: 2 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 FEB 2013
- NICHD. Grant Number: R00HD068506
- second-hand smoke
To examine the social determinants of infant smoke exposure and whether these associations vary by mothers' smoking status and number of children in the household.
There were 135 278 mothers from 28 states who participated in the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System from 2000 to 2003.
Overall 9.9% of mothers reported that her infant was in the same room as someone smoking for 1 or more hours per day. Among smoking households, infants with 1 or 2+ siblings were 25% and 59% more likely to be exposed to 1+ hours of second-hand smoke daily, respectively, than infants with no siblings.
Infants only a few months old are being exposed to second-hand smoke, particularly infants whose mother smokes and infants with siblings, indicating the importance of surveillance even for this young age group.