E. Mark Cummings, Christine E. Merrilees, and Laura K. Taylor, Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame; Marcie C. Goeke-Morey, Department of Psychology, Catholic University of America; Peter Shirlow, Law School, Queens University, Belfast.
A Social–Ecological, Process-Oriented Perspective on Political Violence and Child Development
Version of Record online: 19 MAR 2014
© 2014 The Authors. Child Development Perspectives © 2014 The Society for Research in Child Development
Child Development Perspectives
Volume 8, Issue 2, pages 82–89, June 2014
How to Cite
Cummings, E. M., Goeke-Morey, M. C., Merrilees, C. E., Taylor, L. K. and Shirlow, P. (2014), A Social–Ecological, Process-Oriented Perspective on Political Violence and Child Development. Child Development Perspectives, 8: 82–89. doi: 10.1111/cdep.12067
This research was supported by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Grant R01 HD46933 to E. Mark Cummings. We thank the families in Northern Ireland who participated in the project. We also thank Christina Mondi for comments in a previous draft.
- Issue online: 13 MAY 2014
- Version of Record online: 19 MAR 2014
- Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. Grant Number: R01 HD46933
- political violence;
- social–ecological model;
- community violence;
- family conflict;
- child adjustment;
- emotional security
Youth's risk for adjustment problems amid political violence is well documented, but outcomes vary widely, with many children functioning well. Accordingly, researchers are seeking to identify the mechanisms and conditions that contribute to children's adjustment, with an interest in understanding effects on children in terms of changes in the social contexts in which they live and the psychological processes engaged by these social ecologies. In this article, we look at the importance of studying many levels of the social ecology and of differentiating the effects of exposure to contexts of political versus nonpolitical violence, and we address theories about explanatory processes. We review research pertinent to these themes, including a six-wave longitudinal study on political violence and children in Northern Ireland.