This research was supported in part by grants to the first author from the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (HD055283 and HD064972). Portions of this research were presented at meetings of the Society for Research in Child Development and the International Conference on Infant Studies. We thank the children and parents who volunteered their time to participate in this research. Special thanks also to Sudipta Devanath, Alonna Grigsby, Tracy Lingenfelter, Bethany McNeill, Amber Nelson, Shobhitha Ravi, Marqui Renalls, Korrye Richardson, and Michelle Ulloa for assistance with data collection and coding.
Mine or Yours? Development of Sharing in Toddlers in Relation to Ownership Understanding
Article first published online: 12 NOV 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 84, Issue 3, pages 906–920, May/June 2013
How to Cite
Brownell, C. A., Iesue, S. S., Nichols, S. R. and Svetlova, M. (2013), Mine or Yours? Development of Sharing in Toddlers in Relation to Ownership Understanding. Child Development, 84: 906–920. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12009
- Issue published online: 8 MAY 2013
- Article first published online: 12 NOV 2012
- National Institute of Child Health & Human Development. Grant Numbers: HD055283, HD064972
To examine early developments in other-oriented resource sharing, fifty-one 18- and 24-month-old children were administered 6 tasks with toys or food that could be shared with an adult playmate who had none. On each task the playmate communicated her desire for the items in a series of progressively more explicit cues. Twenty-four-month-olds shared frequently and spontaneously. Eighteen-month-olds shared when given multiple opportunities and when the partner provided enough communicative support. Younger children engaged in self-focused and hypothesis-testing behavior in lieu of sharing more often than did older children. Ownership understanding, separately assessed, was positively associated with sharing and negatively associated with non-sharing behavior, independent of age and language ability.