This study was funded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research Grant FRN: 97872. All authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Role Models and the Psychological Characteristics That Buffer Low-Socioeconomic-Status Youth From Cardiovascular Risk
Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 84, Issue 4, pages 1241–1252, July/August 2013
How to Cite
Chen, E., Lee, W. K., Cavey, L. and Ho, A. (2013), Role Models and the Psychological Characteristics That Buffer Low-Socioeconomic-Status Youth From Cardiovascular Risk. Child Development, 84: 1241–1252. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12037
- Issue online: 12 JUL 2013
- Version of Record online: 20 DEC 2012
- Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Grant Number: FRN: 97872
Little is understood about why some youth from low-socioeconomic-status (SES) environments exhibit good health despite adversity. This study tested whether role models and “shift-and-persist” approaches (reframing stressors more benignly while persisting with future optimism) protect low-SES youth from cardiovascular risk. A total of 163 youth, ages 13–16, completed role model interviews and shift-and-persist measures while cholesterol and inflammatory markers, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and C-reactive protein were assessed. Low-SES youth with supportive role models had lower IL-6. Low-SES youth high in shift-and-persist also had lower IL-6. Shift-and-persist partially mediated the interaction of SES and role models on IL-6. Benefits were not found among high-SES youth. Identifying psychological buffers in low-SES youth has implications for health disparities.