We are grateful to the families who give so generously of their time, to the Hamilton and Toronto Public Health Units for facilitating recruitment of the sample and to Mira Boskovic for project management. The grant “Transactional Processes in Emotional and Behavioural Regulation: Individuals in Context” was awarded to Jennifer Jenkins and Michael Boyle from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. The study team includes: Janet Astington, Cathy Barr, Kathy Georgiades, Chris Moore, Greg Moran, Tom O'Connor, Michal Perlman, Hildy Ross, and Louis Schmidt. The Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada also supported this work through a grant to Jennifer M. Jenkins.
Multilevel Mediation: Cumulative Contextual Risk, Maternal Differential Treatment, and Children's Behavior Within Families
Article first published online: 11 FEB 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Child Development © 2013 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 84, Issue 5, pages 1594–1615, September/October 2013
How to Cite
Meunier, J. C., Boyle, M., O'Connor, T. G. and Jenkins, J. M. (2013), Multilevel Mediation: Cumulative Contextual Risk, Maternal Differential Treatment, and Children's Behavior Within Families. Child Development, 84: 1594–1615. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12066
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 11 FEB 2013
- Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
This study tests the hypothesis that links between contextual risk and children's outcomes are partially explained by differential parenting. Using multi-informant measurement and including up to four children per family (Mage = 3.51, SD = 2.38) in a sample of 397 families, indirect effects (through maternal differential parenting: self-reported and observed) of cumulative contextual risk on four child outcomes were investigated. Cumulative risk was associated with higher levels of differential parenting and, in turn, with higher levels of behavioral problems. Indirect effects were strongest for attentional and social problems but also evident for aggression. The link between differential parenting and outcome was moderated by favoritism, but this was only evident for maternal report and strongest for aggression.