The authors express their sincere thanks to Lacey Hilliard and Danielle Russell for helping to collect data in the summer heat; members of the Penn State Cognitive and Social Development Lab for data coding and entry; Lloyd Rhoades of Penn State's Physical Plant for facilitating the placement of flags on campus; Kim Kastens for providing the Where Are We? software; Roger Downs, Nora Newcombe, and an anonymous reviewer for insightful comments on earlier versions of this manuscript; and to the participating children and parents for their time and enthusiasm. We offer special thanks to Stefania Vescio-Franz for her willingness to be a pilot participant in our research, and for permission to include her photograph in Figure . Portions of this work were presented at the biennial meetings of the Society for Research in Child Development in Toronto, 2011. Partial financial support for the research described here was provided through the National Science Foundation through Grants REC04-11686 and ESI-01-01758, although the opinions presented are those of the authors, and no endorsement by the NSF should be inferred.
Environmental-Scale Map Use in Middle Childhood: Links to Spatial Skills, Strategies, and Gender
Article first published online: 1 APR 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Child Development © 2013 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 84, Issue 6, pages 2047–2063, November/December 2013
How to Cite
Liben, L. S., Myers, L. J., Christensen, A. E. and Bower, C. A. (2013), Environmental-Scale Map Use in Middle Childhood: Links to Spatial Skills, Strategies, and Gender. Child Development, 84: 2047–2063. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12090
- Issue published online: 11 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 1 APR 2013
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