This research funded by Grants HD039017 and HD050212 to authors McCall and Groark from the Eunice Shriver Kennedy National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The interpretations and opinions expressed in this article are those of the authors, not their funders.
Maintaining a Social-Emotional Intervention and Its Benefits for Institutionalized Children
Article first published online: 1 APR 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Child Development © 2013 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 84, Issue 5, pages 1734–1749, September/October 2013
How to Cite
McCall, R. B., Groark, C. J., Fish, L., Muhamedrahimov, R. J., Palmov, O. I. and Nikiforova, N. V. (2013), Maintaining a Social-Emotional Intervention and Its Benefits for Institutionalized Children. Child Development, 84: 1734–1749. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12098
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 1 APR 2013
- HD039017. Grant Number: HD050212
- Eunice Shriver Kennedy National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
This article reports the maintenance of one of the largest interventions conducted in St. Petersburg (Russian Federation) orphanages for children birth to 4 years using regular caregiving staff. One orphanage received training plus structural changes, another training only, and a third business as usual. The intervention produced substantial differences between these institutions on the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory and on the Battelle Developmental Inventory scores for children. These institutional differences in HOME scores (N = 298) and Battelle scores for children (N = 357) departing the institutions for families in St. Petersburg and the United States were maintained for at least 6 years after the intervention project. This result may be associated with certain features of the intervention and activities conducted during the follow-up interval.