This research was supported by National Institute of Health Grant R01-HD046795 awarded to Mona El-Sheikh. We gratefully acknowledge contributions made by the staff of our research laboratory for data collection. We also thank the school personnel, children, and parents who participated.
Marital Conflict, Allostatic Load, and the Development of Children's Fluid Cognitive Performance
Article first published online: 27 MAR 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Child Development © 2013 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 84, Issue 6, pages 2003–2014, November/December 2013
How to Cite
Hinnant, J. B., El-Sheikh, M., Keiley, M. and Buckhalt, J. A. (2013), Marital Conflict, Allostatic Load, and the Development of Children's Fluid Cognitive Performance. Child Development, 84: 2003–2014. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12103
- Issue published online: 11 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 27 MAR 2013
- National Institute of Health. Grant Number: R01-HD046795
Relations between marital conflict, children's respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), and fluid cognitive performance were examined over 3 years to assess allostatic processes. Participants were 251 children reporting on marital conflict, baseline RSA, and RSA reactivity (RSA-R) to a lab challenge were recorded, and fluid cognitive performance was measured using the Woodcock–Johnson III. A cross-lagged model showed that higher levels of marital conflict at age 8 predicted weaker RSA-R at age 9 for children with lower baseline RSA. A growth model showed that lower baseline RSA in conjunction with weaker RSA-R predicted the slowest development of fluid cognitive performance. Findings suggest that stress may affect development of physiological systems regulating attention, which are tied to the development of fluid cognitive performance.