This research was generously supported by Grant BCS-0843252 from the National Science Foundation to the second author. The authors thank the research assistants and participating families who made this research possible.
Motivated by Meaning: Testing the Effect of Knowledge-Infused Rewards on Preschoolers' Persistence
Article first published online: 22 AUG 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Child Development © 2013 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 85, Issue 2, pages 783–791, March/April 2014
How to Cite
Alvarez, A. L. and Booth, A. E. (2014), Motivated by Meaning: Testing the Effect of Knowledge-Infused Rewards on Preschoolers' Persistence. Child Development, 85: 783–791. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12151
- Issue published online: 17 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 22 AUG 2013
- National Science Foundation. Grant Number: BCS-0843252
Research and theory suggest that young children are highly attuned to causality. This study explores whether this drive can motivate task engagement. Fifty-six 3- and 4-year-olds completed a motor task as many times as desired, viewing a picture of a novel item upon each completion. Forty-two randomly assigned children then received either: (a) causally rich information regarding the item, (b) causally weak information regarding the item, or (c) a tangible reward. The remaining 14 children participated in a baseline condition featuring no rewards. Preschoolers completed more trials when rewarded with causally rich than causally weak information, or when given no reward. Children also trended toward lengthier persistence in the causally rich than the tangible reward condition. Implications for theory and educational practice are discussed.