We would like to thank Roger Mundry for statistical assistance; Isabelle de Gaillande-Mustoe and Nadine Kante for their help in recruiting the children and collecting data; Doreen Schrimpf, Christina Stockmann, and Irka Wetzig for their help in transcribing and coding the data; Petra Jahn for her help with the bibliography; and all day care centers and children for their friendly cooperation.
Children's Norm Enforcement in Their Interactions With Peers
Article first published online: 18 OCT 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Child Development © 2013 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 85, Issue 3, pages 1108–1122, May/June 2014
How to Cite
Köymen, B., Lieven, E., Engemann, D. A., Rakoczy, H., Warneken, F. and Tomasello, M. (2014), Children's Norm Enforcement in Their Interactions With Peers. Child Development, 85: 1108–1122. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12178
- Issue published online: 10 MAY 2014
- Article first published online: 18 OCT 2013
This study investigates how children negotiate social norms with peers. In Study 1, 48 pairs of 3- and 5-year-olds (N = 96) and in Study 2, 48 pairs of 5- and 7-year-olds (N = 96) were presented with sorting tasks with conflicting instructions (one child by color, the other by shape) or identical instructions. Three-year-olds differed from older children: They were less selective for the contexts in which they enforced norms, and they (as well as the older children to a lesser extent) used grammatical constructions objectifying the norms (“It works like this” rather than “You must do it like this”). These results suggested that children's understanding of social norms becomes more flexible during the preschool years.