Self-report poor oral health and chronic diseases: the Hong Kong FAMILY project
Article first published online: 21 JAN 2013
© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Volume 41, Issue 5, pages 451–458, October 2013
How to Cite
Self-report poor oral health and chronic diseases: the Hong Kong FAMILY project. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2013; 41: 451–458. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd, , , .
- Issue published online: 15 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 21 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 21 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 27 AUG 2012
- The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust
- chronic disease;
To assess the association between self-reported oral health (SROH) and general health, this study examined the cross-sectional associations between SROH and nine chronic health conditions, namely cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, thyroid disease, nervous system disease, eye/nose/throat disease, stomach/intestinal disease, and musculoskeletal disease in Hong Kong.
This study included 41 641 participants recruited in the FAMILY Project cohort study during March 2009–March 2011. SROH was measured on a 5-point Likert scale. Multiple logistic regression model was used to analyze the effect of dichotomized SROH (0: very good/good/average, 1: bad/very bad) on nine chronic health conditions, adjusted for age, sex, education, personal income, smoking and drinking habits, Body mass index (BMI), and blood pressures.
All the nine chronic health conditions investigated were associated with SROH. SROH showed the strongest cross-sectional association with nervous system disease (odds ratio = 3.30, P < 0.001), while the odds ratio with other significant chronic health conditions ranged from 1.13 (high cholesterol, P = 0.033)–1.73 (stomach/intestinal disease, P < 0.001).
Poor SROH is associated with cancer, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, thyroid disease, nervous system disease, eye/nose/throat disease, stomach/intestinal disease, and musculoskeletal disease.