Assessing the cultural competence of oral health research conducted with migrant children

Authors

  • Elisha Riggs,

    Corresponding author
    1. Jack Brockhoff Child Health and Wellbeing Program, McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
    2. Healthy Mothers Healthy Families Research Group, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
    • Elisha Riggs, Healthy Mothers Healthy Families Research Group, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Vic. 3052, Australia

      Tel.:+61 3 9936 6646

      Fax: +61 3 9348 1391

      e-mail: elisha.riggs@mcri.edu.au

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  • Mark Gussy,

    1. Department of Dentistry and Oral Health, La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Vic., Australia
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  • Lisa Gibbs,

    1. Jack Brockhoff Child Health and Wellbeing Program, McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
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  • Caroline van Gemert,

    1. Centre for Population Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
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  • Elizabeth Waters,

    1. Jack Brockhoff Child Health and Wellbeing Program, McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
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  • Naomi Priest,

    1. McCaughey VicHealth Centre for Community Wellbeing, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
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  • Richard Watt,

    1. Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, UK
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  • Andre M. N. Renzaho,

    1. Global Health and Society Unit, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
    2. Centre for International Health, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
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  • Nicky Kilpatrick

    1. Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery Research Group, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
    2. Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., Australia
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Abstract

Objectives

Traditional assessment of research quality addresses aspects of scientific rigor, however, ensuring barriers to participation by people of different cultural backgrounds are addressed requires cultural competence. The aim of this research was to assess the cultural competence of oral health research conducted with migrant children.

Methods

A protocol was developed with explicit inclusion and exclusion criteria. Electronic databases were searched from 1995 to 2009. Each study was assessed for cultural competence using the assessment criteria and a template developed as a proof-of-concept approach.

Results

Of the 2059 articles identified, 58 met inclusion criteria (n = 48 studies). There were four (8.3%) cohort studies, five (10.4%) intervention studies, 37 (77.1%) quantitative cross-sectional studies, and two (4.2%) were qualitative studies. Overall, migrant children had worse oral health outcomes in all studies compared with their host-country counterparts. All studies rated poorly in the cultural competence assessment.

Conclusions

Appropriate inclusion of all potentially vulnerable groups in research will result in better estimates and understandings of oral health, and more reliable recommendations for prevention and management.

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