Effect of oral healthcare education on knowledge, attitude and skills of care home nurses: a systematic literature review

Authors

  • Kersti H.M.E. de Lugt-Lustig,

    Corresponding author
    1. BENECOMO Flemish-Netherlands Geriatric Oral Research Group Ghent, Belgium/Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    2. Department of Oral Function and Prosthetic Dentistry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    3. Naarderheem, Vivium Zorggroep, Huizen, The Netherlands
    • K.H.M.E. de Lugt-Lustig, Department of Oral Function and Prosthetic Dentistry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands

      Tel.: +31 24 361 4004

      Fax: +31 24 354 1971

      e-mail: kerstidelugt@hotmail.com

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  • Jacques N.O. Vanobbergen,

    1. BENECOMO Flemish-Netherlands Geriatric Oral Research Group Ghent, Belgium/Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    2. Department of Community Dentistry and Oral Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Gert-Jan van der Putten,

    1. BENECOMO Flemish-Netherlands Geriatric Oral Research Group Ghent, Belgium/Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    2. Birkhoven Zorggoed Amersfoort, Amersfoort, The Netherlands
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  • Luc M.J. De Visschere,

    1. BENECOMO Flemish-Netherlands Geriatric Oral Research Group Ghent, Belgium/Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    2. Department of Community Dentistry and Oral Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
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  • Jos M.G.A. Schols,

    1. BENECOMO Flemish-Netherlands Geriatric Oral Research Group Ghent, Belgium/Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    2. CAPHRI/Department of General Practice and Department of Health Services Research, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands
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  • Cees de Baat

    1. BENECOMO Flemish-Netherlands Geriatric Oral Research Group Ghent, Belgium/Nijmegen, The Netherlands
    2. Department of Oral Function and Prosthetic Dentistry, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
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Abstract

Objectives

To systematically review the literature on the effect of providing oral healthcare education to care home nurses on their oral healthcare knowledge and attitude and their oral hygiene care skills.

Methods

A literature search was obtained for relevant articles on oral healthcare education of nurses in care homes, using five electronic retrieval systems and databases. The search was limited to human studies, articles published in English and articles published during the period January 1990 to December 2011. The methodological quality of an article was assessed on the basis of criteria published by the Cochrane Collaboration. For articles not meeting all methodological quality criteria, relevance criteria were used to determine how much scientific evidence could be assigned to the study findings.

Results

In accordance with the methodological quality criteria, two randomized controlled trials were included. Additionally, four studies were included after determining the scientific evidence of the study findings. The studies included revealed some scientific evidence and indications that an oral healthcare education programme for care home nurses may improve the nurses' oral healthcare knowledge and attitude. Any effect of oral healthcare education to care home nurses' oral hygiene care skills could not be determined.

Conclusions

Oral healthcare education may have a positive effect on care home nurses' oral healthcare knowledge and attitude and on care home residents' oral hygiene, whereas any effect on care home nurses' oral hygiene care skills could not be found.

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