Transfer of peanut IgE sensitisation after combined pancreas–kidney transplant



Alalia Berry, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.




The transfer of peanut allergy has been reported following solid organ transplantation.


Present a case of peanut sensitization following combined pancreas-and-kidney transplantation.


Circulating specific IgE against peanut were measured in serum samples collected from the transplant recipient 1 month before transplantation, and 1, 3 and 6 months after transplantation. Skin tests were performed 1, 3 and 6 months following transplant.


The organ recipient's pre-transplant peanut IgE levels were negative. At 1 month post-transplant, the patient had a 6 mm skin test to peanut and had serum IgE to peanut Arah1 of 0.79 kU/L. At 3 months, skin test size and IgE to peanut Arah1 decreased to 4 mm, and 0.69 kU/L respectively. At 6 months, the patient's skin test and IgE to peanuts were negative. At that time, the patient underwent a peanut food challenge without a clinical reaction to suggest allergy.

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance

We report the development of IgE peanut sensitization in a recipient of a combined pancreas and kidney transplantation. Increasing awareness of this allergen sensitization following transplantation may help prevent serious allergic reactions in transplant recipients.