Volume interpolated 3D-spoiled gradient echo sequence is better than dynamic contrast spin echo sequence for MRI detection of corticotropin secreting pituitary microadenomas
Article first published online: 6 APR 2013
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Volume 78, Issue 6, pages 825–830, June 2013
How to Cite
Kasaliwal, R., Sankhe, S. S., Lila, A. R., Budyal, S. R., Jagtap, V. S., Sarathi, V., Kakade, H., Bandgar, T., Menon, P. S. and Shah, N. S. (2013), Volume interpolated 3D-spoiled gradient echo sequence is better than dynamic contrast spin echo sequence for MRI detection of corticotropin secreting pituitary microadenomas. Clinical Endocrinology, 78: 825–830. doi: 10.1111/cen.12069
- Issue published online: 22 APR 2013
- Article first published online: 6 APR 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 13 OCT 2012 08:05AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 5 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 4 OCT 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 3 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Received: 13 JUN 2012
Various techniques have been attempted to increase the yield of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for localization of pituitary microadenomas in corticotropin (ACTH)-dependent Cushing's syndrome (CS).
To compare the performance of dynamic contrast spin echo (DC-SE) and volume interpolated 3D-spoiled gradient echo (VI-SGE) MR sequences in the diagnostic evaluation of ACTH-dependent CS.
Data was analysed retrospectively from a series of ACTH-dependent CS patients treated over 2-year period at a tertiary care referral centre (2009–2011).
Thirty-six patients (24 female and 12 male) were diagnosed to have ACTH-dependent CS during the study period. All patients underwent MRI by both sequences during a single examination. Cases with negative and equivocal pituitary MR imaging underwent corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) stimulated bilateral inferior petrosal sinus sampling (BIPSS) to confirm pituitary origin of ACTH excess state. Thirty patients were finally diagnosed to have Cushing's disease (CD) [based on histopathology proof of adenoma and/or remission (partial/complete) of hypercortisolism postsurgery]. Six patients were diagnosed to have histopathologically proven ectopic CS.
Of 30 patients with CD, 24 patients had microadenomas and 6 patients had macroadenomas. DC-SE MRI sequence was able to identify microadenomas in 16 of 24 patients, whereas postcontrast VI-SGE sequence was able to identify microadenomas in 21 of 24 patients. All six patients of ectopic CS had negative pituitary MR imaging by both techniques (specificity: 100%).
VI-SGE MR sequence was better for localization of pituitary microadenomas particularly when DC-SE MR sequence is negative or equivocal and should be used in addition to DC-SE MR sequence for the evaluation of ACTH-dependent CS.