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Clinical Endocrinology

Visceral adipose tissue is significantly associated with hearing thresholds in adult women

Authors

  • Tae Su Kim,

    1. Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Korea
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  • Sung Won Park,

    1. Health Promotion Center, Asan Medical Center, Department of Radiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Korea
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  • Do Yeon Kim,

    1. University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
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  • Eon Bin Kim,

    1. University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
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  • Jong Woo Chung,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Korea
    • Correspondence: Jong Woo Chung, Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1 Pungnap-Dong, Songpa-Gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea. Tel.: +82-2-3010-3718; Fax: +82-2-489-2773; E-mail: jwchung@amc.seoul.kr

      Hong-Seob So, Department of Microbiology, Center for Metabolic Function Regulation, Wonkwang University, 344-2 Shinyong-dong, Iksan, Junbuk 570-749, Korea. Tel.: +82-63-850-6950; E-mail: jeanso@wku.ac.kr

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    • These authors contributed equally to the completion of this study.
  • Hong-Seob So

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Microbiology, Center for Metabolic Function Regulation, Wonkwang University, Iksan, Korea
    • Correspondence: Jong Woo Chung, Department of Otolaryngology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1 Pungnap-Dong, Songpa-Gu, Seoul 138-736, Korea. Tel.: +82-2-3010-3718; Fax: +82-2-489-2773; E-mail: jwchung@amc.seoul.kr

      Hong-Seob So, Department of Microbiology, Center for Metabolic Function Regulation, Wonkwang University, 344-2 Shinyong-dong, Iksan, Junbuk 570-749, Korea. Tel.: +82-63-850-6950; E-mail: jeanso@wku.ac.kr

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    • These authors contributed equally to the completion of this study.

Summary

Objective

Metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for age-related hearing impairment (ARHI). There are metabolic differences between abdominal adipose tissue present in subcutaneous and visceral areas. In this study, we investigated the association between abdominal fat composition, measured by computerized tomography (CT), and hearing thresholds.

Patients and Methods

We recruited 662 adults aged 40–82 years with normal or symmetrical sensorineural hearing loss who underwent fat measurement by CT. Linear regression models were used to address the association between risk factors, including abdominal fat composition, and average hearing levels at low and high frequencies.

Results

After adjusting for age, systemic disease and other variables, a positive association between visceral adipose tissue (VAT) area and average hearing threshold was observed in women. In men, there was no significant association between abdominal fat composition and hearing threshold.

Conclusion

Our findings show an association between VAT and hearing impairment in women. A reduction in visceral adiposity may help to prevent hearing loss in women.

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