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Keywords:

  • ganglion cell complex;
  • myopia;
  • optical coherence tomography;
  • retinal nerve fibre

Abstract

Background

To investigate the change of the ganglion cell complex and peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer under different refractive conditions, as measured by optical coherence tomography.

Design

Cross-sectional observational study.

Participants

A total of 107 eyes from 107 subjects were studied.

Methods

Ganglion cell complex and retinal nerve fibre layer were studied by a spectral-domain system. Their relationship against spherical equivalents and axial length was studied.

Main Outcome Measures

The thickness of ganglion cell complex and retinal nerve fibre layer at different area and under different refractive conditions as measurements by optical coherence tomography.

Results

The average, superior and inferior macular ganglion cell complex thickness was significantly associated with both spherical equivalents (all P < 0.05) and axial length (all P < 0.05). Peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer thicknesses from the superior, inferior and temporal quadrants were associated with both spherical equivalents (all P < 0.01), axial length (all P < 0.05) and ganglion cell complex thickness (all P < 0.001), except for the nasal part. However, if the retinal nerve fibre layer thickness was studied in sections, then some parts of the upper and lower temporal part showed no correlation with either spherical equivalents or axial length (all P < 0.05).

Conclusions

The thicknesses of the ganglion cell complex and most of the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer were correlated with refraction and axial length. Therefore, when using these for clinical purposes, attention must be paid to the refractive state of the patient.