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Keywords:

  • compound heterozygous premutation;
  • FMR1 gene;
  • fragile X;
  • premutation

Premutation alleles (55–200 CGG repeats) of the fragile X mental retardation (FMR1) gene have been linked to various types of clinical involvement ranging from mood and anxiety disorders to immunological disorders and executive function deficits. Carrier females typically have a premutation allele and a normal allele (<55 CGG repeats). Although rare, seven cases of females that carry two expanded alleles (compound heterozygous premutation) have been reported. Here, we report on four members of a family including two compound heterozygous premutation sisters with similar CGG allele sizes, affected with different levels of clinical severity.