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Keywords:

  • urban reconstruction;
  • urban modelling;
  • image-based modelling;
  • city reconstruction;
  • city modelling;
  • facade modelling;
  • photogrammetric modelling;
  • structure from motion;
  • inverse-procedural modelling;
  • I.3.5 [Computer Graphics]: Computational Geometry and Object Modelling;
  • I.4.6 [Image Processing And Computer Vision]: Scene Analysis;
  • I.4.9 [Image Processing And Computer Vision]: Applications

Abstract

This paper provides a comprehensive overview of urban reconstruction. While there exists a considerable body of literature, this topic is still under active research. The work reviewed in this survey stems from the following three research communities: computer graphics, computer vision and photogrammetry and remote sensing. Our goal is to provide a survey that will help researchers to better position their own work in the context of existing solutions, and to help newcomers and practitioners in computer graphics to quickly gain an overview of this vast field. Further, we would like to bring the mentioned research communities to even more interdisciplinary work, since the reconstruction problem itself is by far not solved.