Remote Care Costs for Congestive Heart Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials in the United States Comparing Remote Versus More Intensive Care Settings
Article first published online: 28 DEC 2012
© 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Congestive Heart Failure
Volume 19, Issue 4, pages 192–199, July/August 2013
How to Cite
Voigt, J. and Mosier, M. (2013), Remote Care Costs for Congestive Heart Failure: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials in the United States Comparing Remote Versus More Intensive Care Settings. Congestive Heart Failure, 19: 192–199. doi: 10.1111/chf.12017
- Issue published online: 1 AUG 2013
- Article first published online: 28 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 5 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Received: 30 AUG 2012
It has been assumed that less intense levels of care for managing heart failure result in a lowering of the overall costs for this care in the United States. The objective of this review was to determine whether this assumption is correct. A systematic review was performed using Medline, technology assessment Web sites, and relevant cardiovascular and heart failure journals from the year 2000 to the present. US randomized controlled trials where costs were evaluated as one of the endpoints were included. Data were collected using Cochrane Review characteristics of included studies and risk of bias assessment forms. Cost data from each trial were converted to a uniform cost definition and year. Meta-analysis was performed where appropriate. Ten trials were identified evaluating costs at various time points (3, 6, and 12 months). Meta-analysis of trials demonstrated no difference in costs for care, no matter the patient condition or settings. In high-quality trials examining costs, there may be a shifting in costs from more expensive care settings to less expensive care settings without savings to the healthcare system. Larger and longer-term trials should be undertaken to understand this issue.