Prevalence of simple and abdominal obesity in Greek adolescents: the ADONUT study

Authors

  • M. G. Grammatikopoulou,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
    • Address for correspondence: MG Grammatikopoulou, Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Sindos, PO Box 141, GR57400 Thessaloniki, Greece. E-mail: maria@nutr.teithe.gr

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  • D. Poulimeneas,

    1. Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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  • I. S. Gounitsioti,

    1. Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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  • K. Gerothanasi,

    1. Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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  • M. Tsigga,

    1. Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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  • E. Kiranas,

    1. Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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  • The ADONUT Study Group

    1. Department of Nutrition & Dietetics, Alexander Technological Educational Institute, Thessaloniki, Greece
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    • The ADONUT Study Group: Calliope Aberiadou, Efrosyni Alexopoulou, Demetra Apostolou, Ioanna Bozouri, Stella Chortiatinou, Olympia-Brenda Christodoulou, Maria Dalakoglou, Pelagia Damianou, Anastasia Daviti, Kyriaki Dimitriou-Kouspou, Nikolaos Drougkas, Aikaterini Efstathiadi, Irene Foukou, Hermione Hatziaggelousi, Dimitrios Hatzipetrou, Argyro Hatzivasileiou, Diamantoula Horemi, Thessalia-Vaia Hroni, Ioannis Idreos, Ioannis Kafantaris, Aimilia Kakali, Marina Kalli, Meropi Kalli, Konstantinos Kalpakis, Christina Karabaliou, Panagiota Karabela, Aikaterini Karagkiozaki, Maria Karaventza, Georgia Kazasi, Maria Kiokaki, Polykseni Kokka, Nikolaos Kokkinos, Stamatia Konstanta, Eleni Kotseridi, Ahmet Kourou, Fotini Ksenaki, Anna Kyrgiou, Smaro-Maria Lazoglou, Eleni Makantasi, Eliana Mameka, Olga Maridaki, Aikaterini Mouratidou, Artemis Niarchou, Sofia Papagiannidou, Konstantinos Papathanasiou, Kyriaki Papa, Aikaterini Pappa, Charoula Pavli, Aidonitsa Pavlidi, Magdalene Pipeki, Athena Pourlioti, Chara Psachoula, Maria Psalidakou, Vera Psomopoulou, Eleni Rizou, Eleni Romba, Georgios Sbyrakis, Spyridoula Soulaidopoulou, Maria Spanoudaki, Konstantia Theohari, Konstaninia Tsiami, Theodora Tzani, Sofia Thanasogeorgou, Irene Theodoridou, Aikaterini Triantafyllidou, Vasiliki Triantafyllopoulou, Anastasia Troumpouki, Georgia Tserepi, Marilena Tsivgouli, Despoina Valaora, Maria Verykokkou, Anna Vlahou, Anastasia Voulgaridou and Maria Zymara.

  • Preliminary raw results of the ADONUT study concerning the boys were presented at the 21st European Congress on Obesity, at Sofia, Bulgaria, 28–31 May 2014: Grammatikopoulou MG, Poulimeneas D, Gounitsioti I, Gerothanasi K, Tsigga M, Kiranas E. Preliminary results from the ADONUT study: weight status of Greek adolescent boys. Obes Facts 2014; 7(S1):144.

Summary

The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of underweight, normal body weight, overweight, obesity and abdominal obesity in Greek adolescents. A nationally representative sample of 37 344 Greek adolescents, aged 12–19 years old, was recruited from schools throughout the country during 2010–2012. Body weight, stature and waist circumference were measured. The prevalence of each weight status category was defined according to the International Obesity Task Force criteria and abdominal obesity was diagnosed according to the International Diabetes Federation. One-third of the participants were either overweight or obese. Among adolescent boys, the prevalence of underweight was 3.3%, 27.9% were overweight and 8.9% were considered obese. Among the girls, 5.8% of the population were underweight, 19.4% were considered overweight and 6.0% obese. Abdominal obesity was diagnosed in 9.1% of the sample (8.9% of the boys and 9.2% of the girls). In 4.5% of the population, simple and central obesity coincided. The pooled prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as the rate of abdominal obesity appear to level off during the course of adolescence. The results indicate a high prevalence of overweight among Greek adolescents.

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