Editor Robin Naidoo
When payments for environmental services will work for conservation
Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2013
©2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 6, Issue 4, pages 230–237, July/August 2013
How to Cite
Wunder, S. (2013), When payments for environmental services will work for conservation. Conservation Letters, 6: 230–237. doi: 10.1111/conl.12034
Editor in Chief note This article was inspired by the viewpoint presented by R. Muradian et al. on page 274.
- Issue online: 13 AUG 2013
- Version of Record online: 10 JUN 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 9 MAY 2013 01:35PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 29 APR 2013
- Manuscript Received: 11 JAN 2013
- NEWFOREX. Grant Number: 243950
Using the article by Muradian et al. (2013) as entry point, I develop a broader framework for the conditions needed to allow PES to emerge and function. It is argued that PES are designed as instruments with clear goals, and will function without markets, economic valuation, or commoditized services. As a highly adaptive management tool, PES are particularly suited for achieving equitable and flexible conservation outcomes. However, PES do require a payment culture and good organization from service users, a trustful negotiation climate, and well-defined land- or resource-tenure regimes for providers. These demanding preconditions may explain why PES implementation, while promising in many cases, has only spread slowly in low-income countries.