Editor Andras Baldi
Active Management of Protected Areas Enhances Metapopulation Expansion Under Climate Change
Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Volume 7, Issue 2, pages 111–118, March/April 2014
How to Cite
Lawson, C. R., Bennie, J. J., Thomas, C. D., Hodgson, J. A. and Wilson, R. J. (2014), Active Management of Protected Areas Enhances Metapopulation Expansion Under Climate Change. Conservation Letters, 7: 111–118. doi: 10.1111/conl.12036
- Issue published online: 3 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 11 JUN 2013
- Accepted manuscript online: 21 MAY 2013 10:45AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 7 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Received: 24 JAN 2013
- U.K. Natural Environment Research Council. Grant Number: NE⁄G006296⁄1
- University of Exeter
- Agri-environment scheme;
- global warming;
- habitat fragmentation;
- metapopulation dynamics
There is a need to adapt biodiversity conservation to climate change, but few empirical studies are available to guide decision-making. Existing networks of protected areas (PAs) have been preferentially colonized during species’ range expansions, but this could be due to their original habitat quality and/or to ongoing management activity. Here, we examine how PA status and active conservation management have influenced the range expansion of a butterfly Hesperia comma through fragmented landscapes. PAs under active conservation management were over three times more likely to be colonized than unprotected, unmanaged sites of the same basic vegetation type. Conservation action also increased the survival rate of existing populations inside and outside of PAs. We conclude that PAs facilitate range expansions by preventing habitat degradation and encouraging active conservation that improves habitat quality, and that conservation interventions on nondesignated sites also have a role to play in adapting conservation to climate change.