Land Sparing Versus Land Sharing: Moving Forward

Authors

  • Joern Fischer,

    Corresponding author
    1. Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University Lueneburg, 21335 Lueneburg, Germany
    • Correspondence

      Joern Fischer, Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University Lueneburg, Scharnhorststrasse 1, 21335 Lueneburg, Germany.

      Tel: + 4941316772768.

      E-mail: joern.fischer@uni.leuphana.de

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  • David J. Abson,

    1. Futures Research Center, Leuphana University Lueneburg, 21335 Lueneburg, Germany
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  • Van Butsic,

    1. Geography Department, Humboldt-University Berlin, 10099 Berlin, Germany
    2. Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Central and Eastern Europe (IAMO), D-06120 Halle (Saale), Germany
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  • M. Jahi Chappell,

    1. School of the Environment, Washington State University Vancouver, Vancouver, WA, USA
    2. Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, Minneapolis, MN, USA
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  • Johan Ekroos,

    1. Centre for Environmental and Climate Research, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden
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  • Jan Hanspach,

    1. Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University Lueneburg, 21335 Lueneburg, Germany
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  • Tobias Kuemmerle,

    1. Geography Department & Integrative Research Institute on Human-Environment Systems (IRI THESys), Humboldt-University, Berlin, Germany
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  • Henrik G. Smith,

    1. Centre for Environmental and Climate Research, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden
    2. Department of Biology, Lund University, 22362 Lund, Sweden
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  • Henrik von Wehrden

    1. Faculty of Sustainability, Leuphana University Lueneburg, 21335 Lueneburg, Germany
    2. Futures Research Center, Leuphana University Lueneburg, 21335 Lueneburg, Germany
    3. Center for Methods, Leuphana University Lueneburg, 21335 Lueneburg, Germany
    4. Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, Vienna, Austria
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  • Editor Ashwini Chhatre

Abstract

To address the challenges of biodiversity conservation and commodity production, a framework has been proposed that distinguishes between the integration (“land sharing”) and separation (“land sparing”) of conservation and production. Controversy has arisen around this framework partly because many scholars have focused specifically on food production rather than more encompassing notions such as land scarcity or food security. Controversy further surrounds the practical value of partial trade-off analyses, the ways in which biodiversity should be quantified, and a series of scale effects that are not readily accounted for. We see key priorities for the future in (1) addressing these issues when using the existing framework, and (2) developing alternative, holistic ways to conceptualise challenges related to food, biodiversity, and land scarcity.

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