Editor Rafael Loyola
Biodiversity Funds and Conservation Needs in the EU Under Climate Change
Article first published online: 1 MAY 2014
©2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 7, Issue 4, pages 390–400, July/August 2014
How to Cite
Lung, T., Meller, L., van Teeffelen, A. J.A., Thuiller, W. and Cabeza, M. (2014), Biodiversity Funds and Conservation Needs in the EU Under Climate Change. Conservation Letters, 7: 390–400. doi: 10.1111/conl.12096
Disclaimer: The views expressed are purely those of the authors and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission or other Institutions of the European Union.
- Issue published online: 27 AUG 2014
- Article first published online: 1 MAY 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 12 MAR 2014 12:37PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 FEB 2014
- Manuscript Received: 5 SEP 2013
- Research Directorate-General of the European Commission through its Seventh Framework Programme project RESPONSES. Grant Number: 244092
- LM acknowledges LUOVA graduate school for funding
- European Research Council under the European Community's Seven Framework Programme. Grant Numbers: FP7/2007–2013, 281422
- biodiversity conservation funding;
- climate change adaptation;
- ensemble forecasting;
- retention area;
- species distribution
Despite ambitious biodiversity policy goals, less than a fifth of the European Union's (EU) legally protected species and habitats show a favorable conservation status. The recent EU biodiversity strategy recognizes that climate change adds to the challenge of halting biodiversity loss, and that an optimal distribution of financial resources is needed. Here, we analyze recent EU biodiversity funding from a climate change perspective. We compare the allocation of funds to the distribution of both current conservation priorities (within and beyond Natura 2000) and future conservation needs at the level of NUTS-2 regions, using modeled bird distributions as indicators of conservation value. We find that funding is reasonably well aligned with current conservation efforts but poorly fit with future needs under climate change, indicating obstacles for implementing adaptation measures. We suggest revising EU biodiversity funding instruments for the 2014–2020 budget period to better account for potential climate change impacts on biodiversity.