Editor Andrew Knight
Global Trends in the Status of Bird and Mammal Pollinators
Version of Record online: 27 MAR 2015
Copyright and Photocopying: ©2015 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Volume 8, Issue 6, pages 397–403, November/December 2015
How to Cite
Regan, E. C., Santini, L., Ingwall-King, L., Hoffmann, M., Rondinini, C., Symes, A., Taylor, J. and Butchart, S. H.M. (2015), Global Trends in the Status of Bird and Mammal Pollinators. Conservation Letters, 8: 397–403. doi: 10.1111/conl.12162
- Issue online: 16 DEC 2015
- Version of Record online: 27 MAR 2015
- Accepted manuscript online: 10 FEB 2015 04:20AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 2 FEB 2015
- Manuscript Received: 17 SEP 2014
- Ecosystem service;
- red list;
Biodiversity is declining, with direct and indirect effects on ecosystem functions and services that are poorly quantified. Here, we develop the first global assessment of trends in pollinators, focusing on pollinating birds and mammals. A Red List Index for these species shows that, overall, pollinating bird and mammal species are deteriorating in status, with more species moving toward extinction than away from it. On average, 2.5 species per year have moved one Red List category toward extinction in recent decades, representing a substantial increase in the extinction risk across this set of species. This may be impacting the delivery of benefits that these species provide to people. We recommend that the index be expanded to include taxonomic groups that contribute more significantly to pollination, such as bees, wasps, and butterflies, thereby giving a more complete picture of the state of pollinating species worldwide.