Did Ranchers and Slaughterhouses Respond to Zero-Deforestation Agreements in the Brazilian Amazon?
Version of Record online: 12 MAY 2015
Copyright and Photocopying: © 2015 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Volume 9, Issue 1, pages 32–42, January/February 2016
How to Cite
Gibbs, H. K., Munger, J., L'Roe, J., Barreto, P., Pereira, R., Christie, M., Amaral, T. and Walker, N. F. (2016), Did Ranchers and Slaughterhouses Respond to Zero-Deforestation Agreements in the Brazilian Amazon?. Conservation Letters, 9: 32–42. doi: 10.1111/conl.12175
- Issue online: 23 FEB 2016
- Version of Record online: 12 MAY 2015
- Accepted manuscript online: 21 APR 2015 04:36AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 16 MAR 2015
- Manuscript Received: 15 OCT 2014
- land use change;
- zero-deforestation agreements;
- supply chain governance;
- beef cattle
New supply chain interventions offer promise to reduce deforestation from expansion of commercial agriculture, as more multinational companies agree to stop sourcing from farms with recent forest clearing. We analyzed the zero-deforestation cattle agreements signed by major meatpacking companies in the Brazilian Amazon state of Pará using property-level data on beef supply chains. Our panel analysis of daily purchases by slaughterhouses before and after the agreements demonstrates that they now avoid purchasing from properties with deforestation, which was not the case prior to the agreements. Supplying ranchers registered their properties in a public environmental registry nearly 2 years before surrounding non-supplying properties, and 85% of surveyed ranchers indicated that the agreements were the driving force. In addition, supplying properties had significantly reduced deforestation rates following the agreements. Our results demonstrate important changes in the beef supply chain, but the agreements’ narrow scope and implementation diminish outcomes for forest conservation.