We investigate the joint effects of family control and the regulatory environment on entrepreneurial growth through the lens of socio-emotional wealth (SEW) theory.
Taking into consideration both economic and non-economic goals of entrepreneurial firms, measured by sales growth and employment growth respectively, we find that, compared to their non-family-controlled counterparts, family-controlled firms tend to have lower sales growth rates, but higher employment growth rates. Furthermore, less favorable regulatory environments reduce both sales and workforce growth rates to a greater extent for family-controlled firms than for non-family-controlled firms.
We add to the corporate governance and family business management literature by documenting that the regulatory environment moderates the corporate governance effect of family control on the economic and non-economic goals of family-controlled firms. The findings also contribute to the family business management literature by enriching and providing strong evidence in favor of the SEW theory through our exploration of the moderating role that macro-governance plays in the family control-SEW relation. This research also makes contributions to the entrepreneurship literature, laying a foundation for future empirical studies on entrepreneurial growth by separating its economic from its non-economic dimensions.
Our findings provide practical implications for both policy makers and entrepreneurs. They not only help entrepreneurs better understand growth strategies in various macro-governance settings, but also provide governments and policymakers with potential policy implications to encourage entrepreneurial and economic growth. Policies that improve the macro-governance environment can help family firms to prosper by contributing to their economic and non-economic growth, both of which are important for economic development.