Development of the Arabic versions of the Impact of Events Scale-Revised and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory to assess trauma and growth in Middle Eastern refugees in Australia
Article first published online: 2 JUL 2014
© 2014 The Australian Psychological Society
How to Cite
Davey, C., Heard, R. and Lennings, C. (2014), Development of the Arabic versions of the Impact of Events Scale-Revised and the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory to assess trauma and growth in Middle Eastern refugees in Australia. Clinical Psychologist. doi: 10.1111/cp.12043
Conflict of interest: None.
- Article first published online: 2 JUL 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 MAY 2014
- Manuscript Received: 3 JAN 2014
- Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA)
- Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP)
- New Horizons Enterprises Ltd.;
- Humanitarian PHaMS team
- Middle Eastern refugees;
- posttraumatic growth (PTG);
- posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
The current study reports on the development of an Arabic version of the Revised version of the Impact of Events Scale (IES-R). The IES-R was developed to assist in exploring the relationship between posttraumatic growth (PTG) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among a sample of 40 Middle Eastern participants from a refugee background.
The psychometric properties were investigated on two recently translated Arabic versions of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and the adapted IES-R. The current IES-R was developed using World Health Organization (WHO) principles in establishing the comprehensibility, reliability, and validity of translated scales.
Good discriminant validity and good reliability for the scale were identified. Factors analysis supported a four-factor solution for the PTGI and a three-factor solution for the IES-R; however, the small sample size suggests the obtained factor structure is likely unstable.
The Arabic version of the IES-R is a promising scale to assess posttraumatic stress symptoms in Middle Eastern Refugees.