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Clinical Supervision in Effectiveness and Implementation Research


Address correspondence to Sonja K. Schoenwald, Family Services Research Center, Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, 176 Croghan Spur Road, Suite 104, Charleston, SC 29407. E-mail:


The role of clinical supervision in the larger-scale implementation of effective mental health treatments has begun to attract attention in effectiveness research and implementation science. Clinical supervision approaches demonstrated to support the implementation of effective treatments could provide a fruitful basis for adaptation to the contours and implementation of other interventions. The adaptation of the Multisystemic Therapy supervision model to support the implementation of an innovative, experimental mental health service model called Links to Learning is described. An observational study provides the platform for consideration of the extent to which the Links supervision model was implemented as intended and of challenges to Links implementation illuminated by the supervision process. Implications are considered for research on supervision as a tool to effect the implementation and outcomes of effective treatment and service models in community practice contexts.

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