Ethnicity, medical insurance, and living kidney donation

Authors


  • Conflict of interest: None.

Corresponding author: Amber Reeves-Daniel, DO, Section on Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1053, USA.

Tel.: 336 716 4458; fax: 336 716 4318;

e-mail: areeves@wakehealth.edu

Abstract

Background

Relationships between race/ethnicity, recipient medical insurance, and living donor kidney transplantation (LKT) are incompletely described.

Methods

Associations between medical insurance and LKT were assessed in 447 recipients at a southeastern US transplant center. Primary and secondary payers were included in the analyses.

Results

A total of 387 deceased donor transplantations and 60 LKTs were performed in 246 (55%) European American (EA), 175 (39.2%) African American (AA), 15 (3.4%) Asian, and 11 (2.5%) Hispanic recipients. Among recipients, 182 (40.8%) were privately insured, 125 (28%) had Medicaid, and the remainder had Medicare, Medicare supplements, or Medicare replacement policies. A higher proportion of patients with private insurance, relative to those without private insurance, received LKT (22% vs. 7.6%, p < 0.0001). Among ethnic groups, LKT with, vs. without, private insurance was 27.5% vs. 12.4% in EAs (p = 0.0028) and 14.3% vs. 0.9% in AAs (p = 0.0005). Medicaid recipients (n = 125) were less likely to receive LKT than those without Medicaid (4.8% vs. 16.8%, p = 0.0003). Among the 69 AA recipients with Medicaid, none received LKT (0 Medicaid vs. 9.5% without Medicaid, p = 0.0065).

Conclusions

Recipient insurance status is associated with LKT, positively with private insurance and negatively with Medicaid. AAs were impacted to a greater extent, potentially contributing to lower rates of LKT.

Ancillary