• 1
    Minority Health and Health Disparities Research and Education Act United States Public Law 106–525 2000; 2498. Available at Accessed October 21, 2013.
  • 2
    Jha AK, Varosy PD, Kanaya AM, Hunninghake DB, Hlatky MA, Waters DD, Furberg CD, Shlipak MG. Differences in medical care and disease outcomes among black and white women with heart disease. Circulation 2003; 108: 10891094.
  • 3
    Philbin EF, McCullough PA, DiSalvo TG, Dec GW, Jenkins PL, Weaver WD. Underuse of invasive procedures among medicaid patients with acute myocardial infarction. Am J Public Health 2001; 91: 10821088.
  • 4
    Powe NR. To have and have not: health and health care disparities in chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int. 2003; 64: 763772.
  • 5
    Brave Heart MY. The historical trauma response among natives and its relationship with substance abuse: a Lakota illustration. J Psychoactive Drugs 2003; 35: 713.
  • 6
    Whitbeck LB, Adams GW, Hoyt DR, Chen X. Conceptualizing and measuring historical trauma among American Indian people. Am J Community Psychol. 2004; 33: 119130.
  • 7
    Walters KL, Simoni JM. Reconceptualizing native women's health: an “indigenist” stress-coping model. Am J Public Health 2002; 92: 520524.
  • 8
    Charmaz K. Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide through Qualitative Analysis. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2006.
  • 9
    McLeroy KR, Bibeau D, Steckler A, Glanz K. An ecological perspective on health promotion programs. Health Edu Quart.1988; 15: 351377.
  • 10
    Access to health care in America. The National Academies press, Michael Millman, editor, 1993.
  • 11
    Okoro CA, Strine T, Young SL, Balluz LS. Access to health care among older adults and receipt of preventative services. Results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2002. Preventative Med. 2005; 40: 337343.
  • 12
    Ahmed SM, Lemkau JP, Nealeigh N, Mann B. Barriers to healthcare access in non-elderly urban poor American poplantion. Health Social Care Commun. 2001; 9(6): 445453.
  • 13
    Rittner B, Kirk AB. Health care and public transportation use by poor and frail elderly people. Social Work 1995; 40(3): 365373.
  • 14
    Pheley A. Mass transit strike effects on access to medical care. J Health Care Poor Uninsured 1999; 10(4): 389396.
  • 15
    Toan N. Public health services use in a mountainous area, Vietnam: implications for health policy. Scandinavian J Public Health 2002; 30(2): 8693.
  • 16
    Diclemente CC, Prochaska JO. Toward a comprehensive -transtheoretical model of change: stages of change and addictive behaviors. In: Miller WR, and Heather N, eds. Treating Addictive Behaviors. 2nd edn. New York: Plenum Press, 1998, 324.
  • 17
    Prochaska JO, Diclemente CC, Norcross JC. In search of how people change: applications to addictive behaviors. Am Psychol 1992; 47(9): 11021114.
  • 18
    Miller WR. Motivation for treatment: a review with special emphasis on alcoholism. Psychol Bull. 1985; 98(1): 84107.
  • 19
    Catherine Schaefer, James Coyne, and Richard Lazarus. The health-related functions of social support. J Behav Med. 1981; 4: 381405.
  • 20
    Aro H, Hanninen V, Paronene O. Social support, life events and psychosomatic symptoms among 14–16 year old adolescents. Social Sci Med. 1989; 19: 10511056.
  • 21
    Senturia K, Sullivan M, Cixke S, Shiu-Thorton S. Cultural issues affecting domestic violence service utilization in ethnic and hard to reach populations. Nat Crim Just Ref Service. 2000. Available at: Accessed July 10, 2013.
  • 22
    Wagstaff A. Poverty and health sector inequalities. Bull World Health Organization. 2002; 80(2): 97105. Available at Accessed October 21, 2013.
  • 23
    World Bank. Filipino report card on pro-poor services: summary. World Bank, Environment and Social Development Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region, 2001. Available at: Accessed June 23, 2013.
  • 24
    Maria Isabel Matamala Gender-related Indicators for the evaluation of quality of care in reproductive health services. Reproductive Health Matters 1998; 6(11): 1021.
  • 25
    Duran B, Bulterys MD, Iralu J, Graham C, Edwards A, Harrison M. American Indians with HIV/AIDS: health and social service needs, barriers to care, and satisfaction with services among a western tribe. Am Indian Alaska Native Mental Health Res. 2000; 9(2): 2235.
  • 26
    Stoddardt ML, Jarvis B, Blake B, Fabsitz RR, Howard BV, Lee ET, Welty TK. Recruitment of American Indians in epidemiologic research: the strong heart study. Am Indian Alaska Native Mental Health Res. 2000; 9(3): 2037.
  • 27
    Helitzer D, Hollis C, Cotner J, Oestreicher N. What health literacy demands do health information materials place on users? An assessment of cervical cancer prevention materials. Cancer Control 2009; 16(1): 7078.