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Atypical fibrous histiocytoma of the skin with CD30 and p80/ALK1 positivity and ALK gene rearrangement

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This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Erratum Volume 41, Issue 12, 981, Article first published online: 29 December 2014

Abstract

We report the case of a two patients who presented with a solitary, asymptomatic, angiomatoid nodule on the right thigh. Histopathological finding showed a poorly circumscribed lesion, located in the dermis. The morphological aspect strongly suggested the diagnosis of atypical fibrous histiocytoma (AFH), but surprisingly, the neoplastic cells were diffusely CD30+, with a membrane staining devoid of paranuclear dot. The lesions were tested for p80/ALK1 expression. Surprisingly, we found a diffuse cytoplasmic positivity. Interestingly, using break-apart fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), we evidenced an ALK rearrangement in nearly 50% of the neoplastic cells. The expression of CD30 and ALK1 with ALK gene rearrangement raised the possibility of three diagnoses: a primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), a cutaneous inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT), an AFH of the skin associated with ALK gene rearrangement and CD30 positivity. The three hypotheses were discussed and finally, although p80/ALK1 expression and cytogenetic abnormalities in fibrous histiocytoma (FH) are not yet reported to the best of our knowledge, we favored the diagnosis of AFH.

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