Influence of corneal parameters in keratoconus on IOP readings obtained with different tonometers
Accurate intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement is important but of unsure reliability in patients with keratoconus. Different types and models of tonometers are available. This study investigated the influence of corneal parameters on IOP readings obtained by a Goldmann applanation tonometer, a non-contact tonometer and a dynamic contour tonometer.
IOP readings with the Goldmann applanation, non-contact and dynamic contour tonometers were obtained from 52 patients with keratoconus and from 50 normal subjects and their corneal parameters were measured using a Pentacam.
The mean IOP measurements in keratoconus obtained with the Goldmann applanation, non-contact and dynamic contour tonometers were statistically significantly different from the mean IOP measurements in the normal subjects (p < 0.0001; p < 0.005; p < 0.0001, respectively). In the keratoconus group, the thinnest corneal thickness (TCT), steepest keratometry, the corneal curvature (CC), central corneal thickness (CCT) and the posterior corneal curvature (PCC) had a significant effect on the Goldmann applanation and non-contact tonometers but not on the dynamic contour tonometer. In the control group, thinnest and central corneal thicknesses had a significant effect on findings with the Goldmann and non-contact tonometers but not on the dynamic contour tonometer. The corneal volume (CV) had no significant effect on the three tonometers in both groups.
The corneal parameters affecting the IOP readings of the Goldmann applanation tonometers, non-contact tonometers and the dynamic contour tonometers are not the same. While the Goldmann applanation and non-contact tonometers were significantly affected by the corneal parameters that were measured, the dynamic contour tonometer was not affected by any of these corneal parameters.