Combining primary and piggyback intraocular lenses to treat extreme myopic astigmatism in stable keratoconus following cataract surgery



The majority of those with keratoconus can maximise visual acuity with spectacle or contact lens correction as they age; however, as subjects enter their sixties, cataracts may supervene and contact lens tolerance diminishes with consequent reduction in visual acuity. Following cataract extraction, the complex refractive error associated with keratoconus may not be readily corrected by an intraocular lens alone. This report highlights the planned implantation of a primary posterior chamber toric intraocular lens with a secondary piggyback, sulcus-based, intraocular lens in advanced but stable keratoconus with extreme myopic astigmatism and cataract.