SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Holt M. Young people and illicit drug use in Australia. Social Research Issues Paper Number 3, 2005 National Centre in HIV Social Research, University of New South Wales: Sydney, 2005.
  • 2
    Lim MSC, Hellard ME, Hocking JS, et al. A cross-sectional survey of young people attending a music festival: associations between drug use and musical preference. Drug Alcohol Rev 2008;27:439441.
  • 3
    Wilson H, Bryant J, Holt M, et al. Normalisation of recreational drug use among young people: evidence about accessibility, use and contact with other drug users. Health. Sociol Rev 2010;19:164175.
  • 4
    Miller BA, Furr-Holden CD, Voas RB, et al. Emerging adults' substance use and risky behaviors in club settings. J Drug Issues 2005;35:357375.
  • 5
    Winstock AR, Griffiths P, Stewart D. Drugs and the dance music scene: a survey of current drug use patterns among a sample of dance music enthusiasts in the UK. Drug Alcohol Depend 2001;64:917.
  • 6
    van Havere T, Vanderplasschen W, Lammertyn J, et al. Drug use and nightlife: more than just dance music. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2011;6:1829.
  • 7
    Lim MSC, Hellard ME, Hocking JS, et al. Surveillance of drug use among young people attending a music festival in Australia, 2005–2008. Drug Alcohol Rev 2010;29:150156.
  • 8
    Hesse M, Tutenges S, Schliewe S. The use of tobacco and cannabis at an international music festival. Eur Addict Res 2010;16:208212.
  • 9
    Hall W, Prichard J, Kirkbride P, et al. An analysis of ethical issues in using wastewater analysis to monitor illicit drug use. Addiction 2012;107:17671773.
  • 10
    Zuccato E, Chiabrando C, Castiglioni S, et al. Estimating community drug abuse by wastewater analysis. Environ Health Perspect 2008;116:10271032.
  • 11
    van Nuijs ALN, Castiglioni S, Tarcomnicu I, et al. Illicit drug consumption estimations derived from wastewater analysis: a critical review. Sci Total Environ 2011;409:35643577.
  • 12
    Thomas KV, Bijlsma L, Castiglioni S, et al. Comparing illicit drug use in 19 European cities through sewage analysis. Sci Total Environ 2012;432:432439.
  • 13
    Prichard J, Lai FY, Kirkbride P, et al. Measuring drug use patterns in Queensland through wastewater analysis. Australian Institute of Criminology, Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice 2012;No.442:18.
  • 14
    van Nuijs ALN, Pecceu B, Theunis L, et al. Can cocaine use be evaluated through analysis of wastewater? A nation-wide approach conducted in Belgium. Addiction 2009;104:734741.
  • 15
    Zuccato E, Castiglioni S, Tettamanti M, et al. Changes in illicit drug consumption patterns in 2009 detected by wastewater analysis. Drug Alcohol Depend 2011;118:464469.
  • 16
    Postigo C, López de Alda MJ, Barcelo D. Evaluation of drugs of abuse use and trends in a prison through wastewater analysis. Environ Int 2011;37:4955.
  • 17
    Panawennage D, Castiglioni S, Zuccato E, et al. Measurement of illicit drug consumption in small populations: prognosis for noninvasive drug testing of student populations. Illicit drugs in the environment. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2011:321331.
  • 18
    Gerrity D, Trenholm R, Snyder S. Temporal variability of pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs in wastewater and the effects of a major sporting event. Water Res 2011;45:53995411.
  • 19
    Bruno R, Matthews AJ, Dunn M, et al. Emerging psychoactive substance use among regular ecstasy users in Australia. Drug Alcohol Depend 2012;124:1925.
  • 20
    Australian Crime Commission (ACC). Illicit drug data report 2009-10. Canberra: ACC, 2011.
  • 21
    Winstock AR, Mitcheson LR, Deluca P, et al. Mephedrone, new kid for the chop? Addiction 2011;106:154161.
  • 22
    Sindicich N, Burns L. Australian trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2010: findings from the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). Australian Drug Trend Series No. 64, Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2011.
  • 23
    Sindicich N, Burns L. Australian trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2011. Findings from the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). Australian Drug Trend Series No. 100 Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2013.
  • 24
    Stafford J, Burns L. Australian drug trends 2012. Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). Australian Drug Trend Series No. 91 Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2013.
  • 25
    Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report. Drug statistics series No. 25, Canberra: AIHW, 2011.
  • 26
    Australian Bureau of Statistics. 3201.0-Population by Age and Sex, Australian States and Territories, Jun 2010. ABS, Canberra. 2010. Available at: http://www.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/abs@.nsf/mf/3201.0 (accessed July 2012).
  • 27
    van Nuijs ALN, Mougel J-F, Tarcomnicu I, et al. Sewage epidemiology-A real-time approach to estimate the consumption of illicit drugs in Brussels, Belgium. Environ Int 2011;37:612621.
  • 28
    Lai FY, Ort C, Gartner C, et al. Refining the estimation of illicit drug consumptions from wastewater analysis: co-analysis of prescription pharmaceuticals and uncertainty assessment. Water Res 2011;45:44374448.
  • 29
    Chiaia A, Banta-Green C, Field J. Eliminating solid phase extraction with large volume injection LC/MSMS: analysis of illicit and legal drugs and human urine indicators in US wastewaters. Environ Sci Technol 2008;42:88418848.
  • 30
    Gheorghe A, van Nuijs ALN, Pecceu B, et al. Analysis of cocaine and its principal metabolites in waste and surface water using solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography-ion trap tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem 2008;391:13091319.
  • 31
    Baker DR, Kasprzyk-Hordern B. Critical evaluation of methodology commonly used in sample collection, storage and preparation for the analysis of pharmaceuticals and illicit drugs in surface water and wastewater by solid phase extraction and liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A 2011;1218:80368059.
  • 32
    Postigo C, López de Alda MJ, Barceló D. Drugs of abuse and their metabolites in the Ebro River basin: occurrence in sewage and surface water, sewage treatment plants removal efficiency, and collective drug usage estimation. Environ Int 2010;36:7584.
  • 33
    Lai FY, Bruno R, Hall W, et al. Profiles of illicit drug use during annual key holiday and control periods in Australia: wastewater analysis in an urban, a semi-rural and a vacation area. Addiction 2013;108:556565.
  • 34
    Bisceglia KJ, Roberts AL, Lippa KA. A hydrolysis procedure for the analysis of total cocaine residues in wastewater. Anal Bioanal Chem 2012;402:12771287.
  • 35
    Hollingworth SA, Rush A, Hall WD, et al. Utilization of anti-Parkinson drugs in Australia: 1995–2009. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 2011;20:450456.
  • 36
    Hollingworth SA, Nissen LM, Stathis SS, et al. Australian national trends in stimulant dispensing: 2002-2009. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2011;45:332336.
  • 37
    Prosser B, Reid R. Changes in use of psychostimulant medication for ADHD in South Australia (1990-2006). Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2009;43:340347.
  • 38
    Preen DB, Calver J, Sanfilippo FM, et al. Patterns of psychostimulant prescribing to childrend with ADHD in Western Australia: variations in age, gender, medication type and dose prescribed. Aust N Z J Public Health 2007;31:120126.
  • 39
    Mcllwraith F, Belovic T, Hickey S, et al. Queensland trends in ecstasy and related drug markets 2011: findings from the Ecstasy and Related Drugs Reporting System (EDRS). Australian Drug Trend Series No. 90 Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2012.
  • 40
    McIlwraith F, Hickey S, Alati R. Queensland drug trends 2011. findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS). Australian Drug Trend Series No. 81 Sydney: National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, 2012.
  • 41
    Sweeney J, Macgregor S. Decrease in use of ecstasy/MDMA. Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC). No. 26, Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA), February 2012.
  • 42
    Australian Crime Commission (ACC). Illicit drug data report 2011-12. Canberra: ACC, 2013.
  • 43
    Australian Crime Commission (ACC). Illicit drug data report 2010-11. Canberra: ACC, 2012.
  • 44
    Macgregor S, Payne J. Increase in use of methamphetamine. Australian Institute of Criminology (AIC). No. 22, Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA), November 2011.
  • 45
    GetHiigh.com.au. Recommended Legal Highs for the Big Day Out. 2010. Available at: http://www.webcitation.org/5zkMjM2mi (accessed November 2011).
  • 46
    Cohen BMZ, Butler R. BZP-party pills: a review of research on benzylpiperazine as a recreational drug. Int J Drug Policy 2011;22:95101.