Peter G. Miller PhD, Principal Research Fellow, Shannon Hyder PhD, Lecturer, Lucy Zinkiewicz PhD, Lecturer, Nicolas Droste PhD, Candidate, Jane B. Harris B Applied Science (Psychology), Grad Dip Psychology, Day Hospice Activity Coordinator Anam Cara House Geelong.
Comparing subjective well-being and health-related quality of life of Australian drug users in treatment in Regional and Rural Victoria
Article first published online: 6 MAR 2014
© 2014 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs
Drug and Alcohol Review
Volume 33, Issue 6, pages 651–657, November 2014
How to Cite
Miller, P. G., Hyder, S., Zinkiewicz, L., Droste, N. and Harris, J. B. (2014), Comparing subjective well-being and health-related quality of life of Australian drug users in treatment in Regional and Rural Victoria. Drug and Alcohol Review, 33: 651–657. doi: 10.1111/dar.12124
- Issue published online: 14 NOV 2014
- Article first published online: 6 MAR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Received: 23 SEP 2013
- National Health and Medical Research Council Howard Florey
- subjective well-being;
- quality of life;
- health-related quality of life;
- drug and alcohol treatment;
- mental health
Introduction and Aims
The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported subjective well-being and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of alcohol and other drug users and to examine whether subjective well-being in this sample would be predicted by either HRQOL and/or severity of dependence.
Design and Methods
A cross-sectional survey was conducted of 201 Victorian substance users in individual targeted outpatient treatment for a variety of types of substance use. Participants were administered an interview, including the personal well-being index, the SF-8 health survey and the severity of dependence scale, in order to assess subjective well-being, the mental health component of HRQOL and severity of drug dependence respectively.
Subjective well-being was predicted by mental health aspects of HRQOL (sr2 = 0.03) and by employment (sr2 = 0.05), rather than by severity of dependence [F(5, 146) = 5.60, P < 0.001, R2 = 0.14].
Discussion and Conclusions
The current sample of urban and regional substance users in outpatient treatment shows poorer levels of subjective well-being than do the general population. Subjective well-being was predicted by mental aspects of HRQOL and not by severity of drug dependence or by physical aspects of HRQOL. Treatment which aims to improve substance users' well-being should include mental health interventions and pathways to employment. [Miller PG, Hyder S, Zinkiewicz L, Droste N, Harris JB. Comparing subjective well-being and health-related quality of life of Australian drug users in treatment in Regional and Rural Victoria. Drug Alcohol Rev 2014;33:651-657]