Skin care practice in German nursing homes: a German-wide cross-sectional study

Authors

  • Jan Kottner,

    Corresponding author
    • Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Science, Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergy, CharitÈ–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
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  • Yasmin Rahn,

    1. Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Science, Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergy, CharitÈ–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
    2. Institute of Medicine, Teaching Nursing and Nursing Science, CharitÈ – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
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  • Ulrike Blume-Peytavi,

    1. Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Science, Department of Dermatology, Venereology, and Allergy, CharitÈ–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Germany
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  • Nils Lahmann

    1. Institute of Medicine, Teaching Nursing and Nursing Science, CharitÈ – Universitätsmedizin Berlin
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  • Conflict of interest None.

Correspondence to

Priv.-Doz. Dr. rer. cur. Jan Kottner

Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Science

Klinik fr Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie

CharitÈ – Universitätsmedizin Berlin

CharitÈplatz 1

10117 Berlin, Germany

E-mail: jan.kottner@charite.de

Summary

Background:

Due to anatomical and physiological changes in the course of aging and due to increased vulnerability, there are special skin care needs in elderly and care-dependent persons. Little is known about skin care practice in German long-term care facilities. The aim of the study was to gather epidemiological data about skin care practice in German nursing homes.

Methods and sample:

In spring 2012 a German-wide cross sectional study was conducted in 47 nursing homes. Based on standardized data collection sheets. demographics and variables about methods and frequencies of skin cleansing and application of skin care products for 3 552 nursing home residents were collected and analyzed. The variables age, gender and level of care dependency was representative for the group of all German nursing home residents.

Results:

More than 90% of investigated nursing home residents required skin care assistance. Washing body parts or the whole body were conducted most frequently (89.1%, 95% CI 88.0– 90.1). Skin care leave-on products were used in 91.7% (95% CI 90.7–92.6), whereas there were large variations between individuals. In total, more than 100 brands were used.

Conclusions:

Skin care practice in multimorbid care dependent persons shows large variations. How skin care products meet the special requirements of aged skin and whether they enhance the skin barrier function and prevent cuteneous skin damage is unknown.

Ancillary