Depression is a frequent co-morbidity in patients with acne inversa
Version of Record online: 9 APR 2013
© The Authors • Journal compilation © Blackwell Verlag GmbH, Berlin
JDDG: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft
Volume 11, Issue 8, pages 743–749, August 2013
How to Cite
Kurek, A., Johanne Peters, E. M., Sabat, R., Sterry, W. and Schneider-Burrus, S. (2013), Depression is a frequent co-morbidity in patients with acne inversa. JDDG: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, 11: 743–749. doi: 10.1111/ddg.12067
- Issue online: 25 JUL 2013
- Version of Record online: 9 APR 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 26 NOV 2012
Acne inversa (AI) is a common chronic inflammatory disease that has a profound impact on the patientsí quality of life. We hypothesized a higher level of depression in AI patients compared to controls.
We studied depression in patients with AI and control subjects. Additionally, we evaluated whether the severity of the disease, anxiety, sexual distress and acute inflammation may have an influence on depression.
Patients and Methods
The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was given to 90 voluntary study participants to assess depression in AI patients and in age-, gender-, and BMI-matched controls. Moreover, the correlation between depression and conjectural influencing factors was evaluated.
This study demonstrated that AI patients have a higher depression score than matched controls. Importantly, 38.6% of AI patients are affected by depression compared to 2.4% of the control subjects. In contrast to the duration of the disease and the AI patientsí age, anxiety and sexual distress showed a strong correlation with the degree of depression.
Patients with AI have a higher risk of developing depression. Physicians should be alert to the possible development of depression when treating patients with this disorder.