SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Armstrong, A.J. & Van Hensbergen, H.J. (1994) Comparison of avifaunas in Pinus radiata habitats and indigenous riparian habitat at Jonkershoek, Stellenbosch. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 24, 4855.
  • Bibby, C.J., Burgess, N.D., Hill, D.A. & Mustoe, S.H. (2000) Bird census techniques, 2nd edn. Academic Press, London.
  • Buckland, S.T., Anderson, D.R., Burnham, K.P., Laake, J.L., Borchers, D.L. & Thomas, L. (2001) Introduction to distance sampling. Estimating abundance of biological samples. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.
  • Chown, S.L. (2010) Temporal biodiversity change in transformed landscapes: a southern African perspective. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365, 37293742.
  • Chown, S.L. & McGeoch, M.A. (2011) Measuring biodiversity in managed landscapes. Biological diversity: frontiers in measurement and assessment (ed. by A.E. Magurran and B.J. McGill), pp. 252264. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Coetzee, B.W.T., le Roux, P.C. & Chown, S.L. (2013) Scale effects on the body size frequency distributions of African birds: patterns and potential mechanisms. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 22, 380390.
  • Colwell, R.K. (2009) Estimates: statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 8.2. User's Guide and Application. Available at: http://viceroy.eeb.uconn.edu/estimates/.
  • Dures, S.G. & Cumming, G.S. (2010) The confounding influence of homogenizing invasive species in a globally endangered and largely urban biome: does habitat quality dominate avian biodiversity? Biological Conservation, 143, 768777.
  • Edwards, D.P., Larsen, T.H., Docherty, T.D.S., Ansell, F.A., Hsu, W.W., Derhé, M.A., Hamer, K.C. & Wilcove, D.S. (2011) Degraded lands worth protecting: the biological importance of Southeast Asia's repeatedly logged forests. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 278, 8290.
  • Ellis, E.C. & Ramankutty, N. (2008) Putting people in the map: anthropogenic biomes of the world. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 6, 439447.
  • ESRI (2011) ArcGIS desktop: release 10. Environmental Systems Research Institute, Redlands, CA.
  • Fleishman, E., McDonal, N., Mac Nally, R., Murphy, D.D., Walters, J. & Floyd, T. (2003) Effects of floristics, physiognomy and non-native vegetation on riparian bird communities in a Mojave Desert watershed. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 484490.
  • Foster, J.T. & Robinson, S.K. (2007) Introduced birds and the fate of Hawaiian rainforest. Conservation Biology, 21, 12481257.
  • Fox, S.-J.C. & Hockey, P.A.R. (2007) Impacts of a South African coastal golf estate on shrubland bird communities. South African Journal of Science, 103, 2734.
  • Fraser, M.W. & Crowe, T.M. (1990) Effects of alien woody plant invasion on the birds of Mountain Fynbos in the Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve. South African Journal of Zoology, 25, 97108.
  • Fuller, R.A., Tratalos, J. & Gaston, K.J. (2009) How many birds are there in a city of half a million people? Diversity and Distributions, 15, 328337.
  • Gaertner, M., Richardson, D.M. & Privett, S.D.J. (2011) Effects of alien plants on ecosystem structure and functioning and implications for restoration: insights from three degraded sites in South African fynbos. Environmental Management, 48, 5769.
  • García, C., Renison, D., Cingolani, A. & Fernández-Juricic, E. (2008) Avifaunal changes as a consequence of large-scale livestock exclusion in the mountains of Central Argentina. Journal of Applied Ecology, 45, 351360.
  • Gaston, K.J. & Evans, K.L. (2004) Birds and people in Europe. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 271, 16491655.
  • Google Inc. (2009) Google Earth version 5.1.3533.1731.
  • Greve, M., Gaston, K.J., van Rensburg, B.J. & Chown, S.L. (2008) Environmental factors, regional body size distributions and spatial variation in body size of local avian assemblages. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 17, 514523.
  • Greve, M., Chown, S.L., van Rensburg, B.J., Dallimer, M. & Gaston, K.J. (2011) The ecological effectiveness of protected areas: a case study for South African birds. Animal Conservation, 14, 295305.
  • Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds) (1997) The atlas of Southern African birds. Birdlife South Africa, Johannesburg.
  • Hobbs, R.J., Arico, S., Aronson, J., Baron, J.S., Bridgewater, P., Cramer, V.A., Epstein, P.R., Ewel, J.J., Klink, C.A., Lugo, A.E., Norton, D., Ojima, D., Richardson, D.M., Sanderson, E.W., Valladares, F., Vilá, M., Zamora, R. & Zobel, M. (2006) Novel ecosystems: theoretical and management aspects of the new ecological world order. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 15, 17.
  • Hobbs, R.J., Higgs, E. & Harris, J.A. (2009) Novel ecosystems: implications for conservation and restoration. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 24, 599605.
  • Hockey, P.A.R. & Midgley, G.F. (2009) Avian range changes and climate change: a cautionary tale from the Cape Peninsula. Ostrich, 80, 2934.
  • Hockey, P.A.R., Dean, W.R.J. & Ryan, P. (2005) Robert's birds of southern Africa, 7th edn. Trustees of the J. Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.
  • Hockey, P.A.R., Sirami, C., Ridley, A.R., Midgley, G.F. & Babiker, H.A. (2011) Interrogating recent range changes in South African birds: confounding signals from land use and climate change present a challenge for attribution. Diversity and Distributions, 17, 254261.
  • Hodgson, J.A., Moilanen, A., Wintle, B.A. & Thomas, C.D. (2011) Habitat area, quality and connectivity: striking the balance for efficient conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48, 148152.
  • Holmes, P.M. & Cowling, R.M. (1997) Diversity, composition and guild structure relationships between soil-stored seed banks and mature vegetation in alien plant-invaded South African fynbos shrublands. Plant Ecology, 133, 107122.
  • Huete, A., Didan, K., Miura, T., Rodriguez, E.P., Gao, X. & Ferreira, L.G. (2002) Overview of the radiometric and biophysical performance of the MODIS vegetation indices. Remote Sensing of Environment, 83, 195213.
  • Hui, C., McGeoch, M.A., Reyers, B., le Roux, P.C., Greve, M. & Chown, S.L. (2009) Extrapolating population size from the occupancy-abundance relationship and the scaling pattern of occupancy. Ecological Applications, 19, 20382048.
  • Hulme, P.E. (2012) Weed risk assessment: a way forward or a waste of time? Journal of Applied Ecology, 49, 1019.
  • Hurlbert, A.H. & Haskell, J.P. (2003) The effect of energy and seasonality on avian species richness and community composition. The American Naturalist, 161, 8397.
  • James, F.C. & Shugart, H.H. Jr (1970) A quantitative method of habitat description. Audubon Field Notes, 24, 727736.
  • Kotzé, I., Beukes, H., van der Berg, E. & Newby, T. (2010) National invasive alien plant survey, Africa Report. Agricultural Research Council - Institute for Soil, Climate and Water, Pretoria.
  • Kull, C.A., Shackleton, C.M., Cunningham, P.J., Ducatillon, C., Dufour-Dror, J.M., Esler, K.J., Friday, J.B., Gouveia, A.C., Griffin, A.R., Marchante, E., Midgley, S.J., Pauchard, A., Rangan, H., Richardson, D.M., Rinaudo, T., Tassin, J., Urgenson, L.S., von Maltitz, G.P., Zenni, R.D. & Zylstra, M.J. (2011) Adoption, use and perception of Australian acacias around the world. Diversity and Distributions, 17, 822836.
  • Le Maitre, D.C., Gaertner, M., Marchante, E., Ens, E.-J., Holmes, P.M., Pauchard, A., O'Farrell, P.J., Rogers, A.M., Blanchard, R., Blignaut, J. & Richardson, D.M. (2011) Impacts of invasive Australian acacias: implications for management and restoration. Diversity and Distributions, 17, 10151029.
  • Lindenmayer, D.B., Fischer, J., Felton, A., Crane, M., Michael, D., Macgregor, C., Montague-Drake, R., Manning, A. & Hobbs, R.J. (2008) Novel ecosystems resulting from landscape transformation create dilemmas for modern conservation practice. Conservation Letters, 1, 129135.
  • Mangnall, M.J. & Crowe, T.M. (2003) The effects of agriculture on farmland bird assemblages on the Agulhas Plain, Western Cape, South Africa. African Journal of Ecology, 41, 266276.
  • Marais, C., van Wilgen, B.W. & Stevens, D. (2004) The clearing of invasive alien plants in South Africa: a preliminary assessment of costs and progress. South African Journal of Science, 100, 97103.
  • Markovchick-Nicholls, L., Regan, H.M., Deutschman, D.H., Widyanata, A., Martin, B., Noreke, L. & Hunt, T.A. (2008) Relationships between human disturbance and wildlife land use in urban habitat fragments. Conservation Biology, 22, 99109.
  • Milton, S.J. (2003) “Emerging ecosystems” – a washing-stone for ecologists, economists and sociologists? South African Journal of Science, 99, 404406.
  • Milton, S.J. & Moll, E.J. (1982) Phenology of Australian Acacias in the SW Cape, South Africa, and its implications for management. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 84, 295327.
  • Mucina, L. & Rutherford, M.C. (2006) The vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Strelitzia 19. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, South Africa.
  • Musil, C.F. & Midgley, G.F. (1990) The relative impact of invasive Australian acacias, fire and season on the soil chemical status of a sand plain lowland fynbos community. South African Journal of Botany, 56, 419427.
  • NASA Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (2011) ASTER L1B. USGS/Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Available at: https://lpdaac.usgs.gov/
  • Olden, J.D. (2006) Biotic homogenization: a new research agenda for conservation biogeography. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 20272039.
  • Pautasso, M. & Gaston, K.J. (2005) Resources and global avian assemblage structure in forests. Ecology Letters, 8, 282289.
  • Pautasso, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Clergeau, P., Cueto, V.R., Dinetti, M., Fernández-Juricic, E., Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.-L., Jokimäki, J., McKinney, M.L., Sodhi, N.S., Storch, D., Tomialojc, L., Weisberg, P.J., Woinarski, J., Fuller, R.A. & Cantarello, E. (2011) Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20, 426436.
  • Pimm, S.L., Russell, G.J., Gittleman, J.L. & Brooks, T.M. (1995) The future of biodiversity. Science, 269, 347350.
  • Polo, V. & Carrascal, L.M. (1999) Shaping the body mass distribution of Passeriformes: habitat use and body mass are evolutionarily and ecologically related. Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 324337.
  • Procheş, Ş., Wilson, J.R.U., Richardson, D.M. & Chown, S.L. (2008) Herbivores, but not other insects, are scarce on alien plants. Austral Ecology, 33, 691700.
  • Pryke, J.S. & Samways, M.J. (2012) Ecological networks act as extensions of protected areas for arthropod biodiversity conservation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49, 591600.
  • Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M., Pergl, J., Jarošík, V., Sixtova, Z. & Weber, E. (2008) Geographical and taxonomic biases in invasion ecology. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 23, 237244.
  • Pyšek, P., Jarošík, V., Hulme, P.E., Pergl, J., Hejda, M., Schaffner, U. & Vilà, M. (2012) A global assessment of invasive plant impacts on resident species, communities and ecosystems: the interaction of impact measures, invading species' traits and environment. Global Change Biology, 18, 17251737.
  • Quine, C.P. & Humphrey, J.W. (2010) Plantations of exotic tree species in Britain: irrelevant for biodiversity or novel habitat for native species? Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 15031512.
  • R Development Core Team (2011) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0, Available at: http://www.R-project.org.
  • van Rensburg, B.J., McGeoch, M.A., Chown, S.L. & van Jaarsveld, A.S. (1999) Conservation of heterogeneity among dung beetles in the Maputaland Centre of Endemism, South Africa. Biological Conservation, 88, 145153.
  • van Rensburg, B.J., Chown, S.L., van Jaarsveld, A.S. & McGeoch, M.A. (2000) Spatial variation and biogeography of sand forest avian assemblages in South Africa. Journal of Biogeography, 27, 13851402.
  • Richardson, D.M. & van Wilgen, B.W. (2004) Invasive alien plants in South Africa: how well do we understand the ecological impacts? South African Journal of Science, 100, 4552.
  • Rodewald, A.D. (2011) Spreading messages about invasives. Diversity and Distributions, 18, 9799.
  • Rodriguez, L.F. (2006) Can invasive species facilitate native species? Evidence of how, when, and why these impacts occur. Biological Invasions, 8, 927939.
  • Rouget, M., Richardson, D.M., Cowling, R.M., Lloyd, J.W. & Lombard, A.T. (2003) Current patterns of habitat transformation and future threats to biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems of the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Biological Conservation, 112, 6385.
  • Sala, O.E., Chapin, F.S., Armesto, J.J., Berlow, E., Bloomfield, J., Dirzo, R., Huber-Sanwald, E., Huenneke, L.F., Jackson, R.B., Kinzig, A., Leemans, R., Lodge, D.M., Mooney, H.A., Oesterheld, M., Poff, N.L., Sykes, M.T., Walker, B.H., Walker, M. & Wall, D.H. (2000) Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science, 287, 17701774.
  • Schlaepfer, M.A., Sax, D.F. & Olden, J.D. (2011) The potential conservation value of non-native species. Conservation Biology, 25, 428437.
  • Simberloff, D., Martin, J.-L., Genovesi, P., Maris, V., Wardle, D.A., Aronson, J., Courchamp, F., Galil, B., García-Berthous, E., Pascal, M., Pyšek, P., Sopusa, R., Tabacchi, E. & Vilà, M. (2012) Impacts of biological invasions: what's what and the way forward. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 28, 5866.
  • Stralberg, D., Jongsomjit, D., Howell, C.A., Snyder, M.A., Alexander, J.D., Wiens, J.A. & Root, T.L. (2009) Re-shuffling of species with climate disruption: a no-anolog future for California birds? PLoS One, 4, 18.
  • Sutherland, W.J., Pullin, A.S., Dolman, P.M. & Knight, T.M. (2004) The need for evidence-based conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 19, 305308.
  • Sweeney, O.F.M., Wilson, M.W., Irwin, S., Kelly, T.C. & O'Halloran, J. (2010) Are bird density, species richness and community structure similar between native woodlands and non-native plantations in an area with generalist bird fauna? Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 23292342.
  • Thomas, L., Buckland, S.T., Rexstad, E.A., Laake, J.L., Strindberg, S., Hedley, S.L., Bishop, J.R., Marques, T.A. & Burnham, K.P. (2010) Distance software: design and analysis of distance sampling surveys for estimating population size. Journal of Applied Ecology, 47, 514.
  • Venables, W.N. & Ripley, B.D. (2002) Modern applied statistics with S, 4th edn. Springer, New York.
  • Waltert, M., Bobo, K.S., Sainge, N.M., Fermon, H. & Mühlenberg, M. (2005) From forest to farmland: habitat effects on Afrotropical forest bird diversity. Ecological Applications, 15, 13511366.
  • Wiens, J.A. (1989) Spatial scaling in ecology. Functional Ecology, 3, 385397.
  • Willson, M.F. (1974) Avian community organization and habitat structure. Ecology, 55, 10171029.
  • Winterbottom, J.M. (1970) The birds of alien Acacia thickets of the south-west Cape. Zoologica Africana, 5, 4957.
  • Yelenik, S.G., Stock, W.D. & Richardson, D.M. (2004) Ecosystem level impacts of invasive Acacia saligna in South African Fynbos. Restoration Ecology, 12, 4451.
  • Zuur, A.F., Ieno, E.N., Walker, N.J., Saveliev, A.A. & Smith, G.M. (2009) Mixed effects models and extensions in Ecology with R. Springer Science and Business Media, New York.