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Footnotes

  • 1
    World Health Organisation (1978) Declaration of Alma Ata: International Conference on Primary Health Care, Alma-Ata, USSR, 6–12 September. Geneva: WHO. Available at: http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Health_Systems_declaration_almaata.pdf [Accessed 20th June 2012].
  • 2
    C.O. Oyaya & S.B. Rifkin. Health Sector Reforms in Kenya: An Examination of District Level Planning. Health Policy. 2003; 64(1): 113127; J. Rohde , M. Chatterjee & D.E. Morley (eds) 1993. Reaching Health for All. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • 3
    Republic of Kenya Ministry of Health. 2006 Taking the Kenya Essential Package for Health to the Community: A Strategy for the Delivery of Level One Services. Nairobi: Ministry of Health. Available at: http://marsgroupkenya.org/pdfs/2011/01/Ministry_PDFS/Ministry_of_Public_Health_and_Sanitation/Documents/Taking_the_Kenya_Essential_Package_for_Health_to_the_Community.pdf [Accessed 20 June 2012].
  • 4
    S.R. Benatar & P.A. Singer. A New Look at International Research Ethics. BMJ. 2000; 3221: 824826; S.R. Benatar & P.A. Singer. Responsibilities in International Research: A New Look Revisited. J Med Ethics 2010; 36(4): 194197; E.J. Emanuel et al. What Makes Clinical Research in Developing Countries Ethical? The Benchmarks of Ethical Research. J Infect Dis 2004; 189: 932937.
  • 5
    E.J. Emanuel et al., op cit note 4, pp. 932937.
  • 6
    P.O. Tindana et al. Grand Challenges in Global Health: Community Engagement in Research in Developing Countries. PLoS Med 2007; 49: 14511455.
  • 7
    E.J. Emanuel et al., op cit note 4, pp. 932937.
  • 8
    P.W. Geissler et al. ‘He is now like a Brother, I can even give him some Blood'-Relational Ethics and Material Exchanges in a Malaria Vaccine ‘Trial Community’ in The Gambia. Soc Sci &Med 2008; 696707.
  • 9
    L. Gilson. Trust and Health Care as a Social Institution. Soc Sci & Med. 2003; 56(67): 14521468.
  • 10
    C.S. Molyneux, N. Peshu & K. Marsh. Trust and Informed Consent: Insights from Community Members on the Kenyan coast. Soc Sci & Med. 2005; 61(7): 14631473; C.S. Molyneux et al. ‘Even if They ask You to Stand by a Tree all Day, You will Have to Do it (Laughter)…!’: Community Voices on the Notion and Practice of Informed Consent for Biomedical Research in Developing Countries. Soc Sci & Med. 2005; 61(2): 443454.
  • 11
    C. Gikonyo et al. Taking Social Relationships Seriously: Lessons Learned from the Informed Consent Practices of a Vaccine Trial on the Kenyan Coast. Soc Sci Med. 2008; 67(5): 708720.
  • 12
    C. Simon & M. Mosavel. Community Members as Recruiters of Human Subjects: Ethical Considerations. Am J Bioeth. 2010; 10(3): 311.
  • 13
    D.C. Landy & R.R. Sharp. Examining the Potential for Exploitation by Local Intermediaries. Am J Bioeth. 2010; 10(3): 1213.
  • 14
    D. Silverman. 2005. Doing Qualitative Research. London: Sage Publications.
  • 15
    K. Adazu et al. Health and Demographic Surveillance in Rural Western Kenya: A Platform for Evaluating Interventions to reduce Morbidity and Mortality from Infectious Diseases. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2005; 73(6): 11511158.
  • 16
    Kenya National AIDS and STI Control Programme (NASCOP). 2009 Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2007: Final report. Nairobi: NASCOP.
  • 17
    R.J. Prince & P.W. Geissler. 2010. ‘The Land is Dying’ Contingency, Creativity and Conflict in Western Kenya. Oxford, New York: Berghahn.
  • 18
    Kenya Central Bureau of Statistics. 2005 . Geographic Dimensions of Well-Being in Kenya: Who are Where are the Poor? A Constituency Level Profile. Nairobi: Central Bureau of Statistics.
  • 19
    C. Gikonyo et al. op cit. note 12. pp. 708720; C.S. Molyneux, N. Peshu & K. Marsh. op cit. note 11. pp. 443454; P.W. Geissler et al. op cit. note 9. pp. 696707.
  • 20
    R.J. Prince & P.W. Geissler. op cit. note 18.
  • 21
    C. Simon & M. Mosavel. op cit. note 13. pp. 311.
  • 22
    D.C. Landy & R.R. Sharp op cit. note 14. pp. 1213.