Dialogue in Dialog
Happy Danes and Deep Incarnation
Article first published online: 2 SEP 2013
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals and Dialog, Inc.
Volume 52, Issue 3, pages 244–250, September 2013
How to Cite
Peters, T. (2013), Happy Danes and Deep Incarnation. Dialog, 52: 244–250. doi: 10.1111/dial.12049
- Issue published online: 2 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 2 SEP 2013
- deep incarnation;
- Copenhagen School;
- free will;
- Niels Henrik Gregersen;
- Center of Naturalism and Christian Semantics;
- Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences
The new Copenhagen School of Deep Incarnation posits that, in Jesus Christ, God has become incarnate and therefore present “in, with, and under” all physical and biological processes. This claim raises the issue of “compatibilism,” according to which divine action and creaturely action are compatible, and “incompatibilism,” according to which divine action must be absent to allow for free creaturely action. Niels Henrik Gregersen, representing the Copenhagen School, affirms both compatibilism at the quantum level of physical activity and incompatibilism at the level of nature's self-organization. This article points out the incoherence of this position along with the positions proffered by process theologians and kenotic theologians.