(*Included studies)

  • 1
    IDF. Diabetes Atlas. 5th edition. Brussels: International Diabetes Federation, 2011. Available at Last accessed 26 June 2012.
  • 2
    Marrero D. The prevention of type 2 diabetes: an overview. J Diabetes Sci Technol 2009; 3: 756760.
  • 3
    Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 393403.
  • 4
    Tuomilehto J, Lindstrom J, Eriksson JG, Valle T, Hamalainen H, Ilanne-Parikka P et al. Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 13431350.
  • 5
    Pan XR, Li GW, Hu YH, Wang JX, Yang YW, An ZY et al. Effects of diet and physical activity in preventing NIDDM in people with impaired glucose tolerance. The Da Qing IGT and diabetes study. Diabetes Care 1997; 20: 537544.
  • 6
    Ramachandran A, Snehahlatha C, Mary S, Mukesh B, Bhaskar AD, Vijay V et al. The Indian Diabetes Prevention Programme shows that lifestyle modification and metformin prevent type 2 diabetes in Asian Indian subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetologica 2006; 49: 289297.
  • 7
    Greaves CJ, Sheppard KE, Abraham C, Hardeman W, Roden M, Evans PH et al. The IMAGE Study Group Systematic review of reviews of intervention components associated with increased effectiveness in dietary and physical activity interventions. BMC Public Health 2011; 11: 119.
  • 8
    Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. 10-year follow-up of diabetes incidence and weight loss in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. Lancet 2009; 374: 16771686.
  • 9
    Lindström J, Ilanne-Parikka P, Peltonen M, Aunola S, Eriksson JG, Hemiö K et al. Sustained reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention: follow-up of the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study. Lancet 2006; 368: 16731679.
  • 10
    Garfield SA, Malazowski S, Chin MH, Venkat Narayan KM, Glasgow RE, Green LW et al. Considerations for diabetes translational research in real world settings. Diabetes Care 2003; 26: 26702674.
  • 11
    Ali M, Echouffo-Tcheugui JB, Williamson DF. How effective were lifestyle interventions in real-world settings that were modelled on the Diabetes Prevention Program? Health Affairs 2012; 3: 6775.
  • 12
    NICE. Methods for Development of NICE Public Health Guidance. 2nd edition. London: National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2009.
  • 13
    *Vanderwood KK, Hall TO, Harwell TS, Butcher MK, Helgerson SD. Implementing a state-based cardiovascular disease and diabetes prevention program. Diabetes Care 2010; 33: 25432545.
  • 14
    *Kulzer B, Hermanns N, Gorges D, Schwarz P, Haak T. Prevention of diabetes self-management program (PREDIAS): effects on weight, metabolic risk factors, and behavioural outcomes. Diabetes Care 2009; 32: 11431146.
  • 15
    *Katula JA, Vitolins MZ, Rosenberger EL, Blackwell CS, Morgan TM, Lawlor MS et al. 1-year results of a community-based translation of the diabetes prevention program. Diabetes Care 2011; 34: 17.
  • 16
    *Faridi Z, Shuval K, Njike Y, Katz JA, Jennings G, Williams M et al. Partners reducing effects of diabetes (PREDICT): a diabetes prevention physical activity and dietary intervention through African-American churches. Health Educ Res 2009; 25: 306315.
  • 17
    *Amundson HA, Butcher MK, Gohdes D, Hall TO, Harwell TS, Helgerson SD et al. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program into practice in the general community. Findings from the Montana Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes Prevention Program. Diabetes Educ 2009; 35: 209223.
  • 18
    *Absetz P, Valve R, Oldenburg B, Heinonen H, Nissinen A, Fogelholm M et al. Type 2 diabetes prevention in the ‘real world’: one-year results of the GOAL Implementation Trial. Diabetes Care 2007; 30: 24652470.
  • 19
    *Absetz P, Oldenburg B, Hankonen N, Valve R, Heinonen H, Nissinen A et al. Type 2 diabetes prevention in the real world: 3-year results of the GOAL lifestyle implementation trial. Diabetes Care 2009; 32: 14181420.
  • 20
    *Saaristo T, Moilanen L, Korpi-Hyovalti E, Vanhala M, Saltevo J, Peltonen M et al. Lifestyle intervention for prevention of Type 2 diabetes in primary health care: 1-year follow-up of the Finnish National Diabetes Prevention Program (FIN-D2D). Diabetes Care 2010; 33: 21462151.
  • 21
    *Laatikainen T, Dunbar JA, Chapman A, Kilkinnen A, Vartiainen E, Heistaro S et al. Prevention of type 2 diabetes by lifestyle intervention in an Australian primary health setting: Greater Green Triangle (GGT) Diabetes Prevention Project. BMC Public Health 2007; 7: 249256.
  • 22
    *Ackermann RT, Finch EA, Brizendine E, Zhou H, Marrero DG. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program into the community: the DEPLOY pilot study. Am J Prev Med. 2008; 35: 357363.
  • 23
    *Whittemore R, Melkus G, Wagner J, Northrup V, Dziura J, Grey M. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program to primary care: a pilot study. Nurs Res 2009; 58: 212.
  • 24
    *Almeida FA, Shetterly S, Smith-Ray RL, Estabrooks PA. Reach and effectiveness of a weight loss intervention in patients with pre-diabetes in Colorado. Prev Chronic Dis 2010; 7: 17. Available at Last accessed 16 February 2011.
  • 25
    *McTigue KM, Conroy MB, Bigi L, Murphy C, McNeil M. Weight loss through Living Well: translating an effective lifestyle intervention into clinical practice. Diabetes Educ 2009; 35: 199205.
  • 26
    *Vadhelm LM, McPherson C, Kassner DR, Vanderwood KK, Hall TO, Butcher MK et al. Adapted Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle intervention can be effectively delivered through tele-health. Diabetes Educ 2010; 36: 651656.
  • 27
    *Boltri JM, Davis-Smith MD, Seale P, Shellenberger S, Okusun IS, Cornelius ME. Diabetes prevention in a faith-based setting: results of translational research. J Public Health Manag Pract 2008; 14: 2932.
  • 28
    *Davis-Smith MD. Implementing a diabetes prevention program in a rural African-American church. J Natl Med Assoc 2007; 99: 440446.
  • 29
    *McTigue KM, Conroy MB, Hess R, Bryce CL, Fiorillo AB, Fischer GS et al. Using the Internet to translate an evidence-based lifestyle intervention into practice. Telemed J E Health 2009; 15: 851858.
  • 30
    *Kramer MK, Miller RG, Orchard TJ. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program: a comprehensive model for prevention training and program delivery. Am J Prev Med 2009; 37: 505511.
  • 31
    *Seidel MC, Powell RO, Zgibor JC, Siminerio LM, Piatt GA. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program into an urban medically underserved community: a non-randomized prospective intervention study. Diabetes Care 2008; 31: 684689.
  • 32
    Baker MK, Simpson K, Lloyd B, Bauman AE, Singh MA. Behavioral strategies in diabetes prevention programs: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2011; 91: 112.
  • 33
    Bray GA, Chatellier A, Duncan C, Greenway FL, Levy E, Ryan DH et al. 10-year follow-up of diabetes incidence and weight loss in the Diabetes Prevention Program Outcomes Study. Lancet 2009; 374: 16771686.
  • 34
    Vermunt PW, Milder IE, Wielaard F, de Vries JH, van Oers HA, Westert GP. Lifestyle counseling for Type 2 diabetes risk reduction in Dutch primary care results of the APHRODITE study after 0.5 and 1.5 years. Diabetes Care 2011; 34: 191919250.
  • 35
    Cordona-Morrell M, Rychetnik L, Morrel SL, Espinel PT, Bauman A. Reduction of diabetes risk in routine clinical practice: are physical activity and nutrition interventions feasible and are the outcomes from reference trials replicable? A systematic review. BMC Public Health 2010; 10: 653.Available at Last accessed 15 December 2010.
  • 36
    Jackson L. Translating the Diabetes Prevention Program into practice: a review of community interventions. Diabetes Educ 2009; 35: 309320.
  • 37
    Hamman RF, Wing RR, Edelstein SL, Lachin JM, Bray GA, Delahanty L et al. Effect of weight loss with lifestyle intervention on risk of diabetes. Diabetes Care 2006; 29: 21022107.